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l{vl {y v{lY [vp [pp zYN AH~ vMnpx

Bpv ~nxY Sl Y Yzpv RvlY K Urp[x n}xY Q zY{~p {p Rrf Rl. Rr K M{zl{ o Yyj ~Ktpoxp Rr yff rwyrl ~Y~p R{~m{ p|Y tzN[ Sl p n.
Q zYN AH~ vMnpx K v{{p R{~m{ tzN[ ÃrxY vyf p{v RYyxY ~vz[Y ~~YxY [hp[vf Y~ Yv W Rlplx rtq y Rr [p [fv nyN Yv.
y nyN{p Rply{ vv {rܻx tzYj l y uY{Y [hp[ Rl. [zx Ryvnz R~xp yf{z ~Ktpoxp z Yfxl rtq YvpYy{yx 23.09.2011 p ~Z Rvl|x zYK{yx Rvl zrxp A t{ pv rz N.
y r{lrl nyN K lp ~vz[Y rn[zxp ~Ktpoxp [zx Ryvnz Q zYN òxlvY {h r{ RMtnxYf zY {p t{l, A ~Ktpoxp R toY S{lYy [vf ~Z zYK{yx[ ~x[x RrY} Yyp t{l Wv zrxp R{ol vZMmx N.
K zrxf Y}Y{ ray Y{ ~Z Rvl| zYK{yx UYl zrxp vl Y r~llx ~Ktpoxp ~YDb{Y Yqx. UNAIDS {p{p Q zYN xl{yx, ~M{nx Rxlpx xcpx Yyp {n{yxY ~Z Rop|x zop Ãr npY K ~YDb{f ~u[ x.
v M] ~YDb{p Rply{ [zx Ryvnz v[p AH~ vMnpx v ~ Q zYN òxlvY Yyp ztp {h r{ Wz~v Yy[p xvf ~Z Rvl| zYK{yx[ R|M{nx ztj t{ |{~ Yfxl Ry vM[ y Rrf p [vf zt.
UYl ~YDbN vl { [fY lll{xY ~vpx Yyp {~ l{l ~YDb{Y Yq{p znn Sp Rply{x. ~Z Rvl| zYK{yx ~v[ r{ K ~YDb{f ~Ktpo ~ѻx [zx Ryvnz Q zYN AH~ vMnpx K òx{zx ~|} YjhxvY z~ r ~p [vp v[ ~Yy{ {l Companion on the Journey xp ~vz[Y ~opxx.
W [vp v[ ~Yy{ Rxlpx [zx Ryvnz AH~ vMnp {rܻxp S{l vf ~Z Rvl| zYK{yx yjx Yf Rl. A ~Ktpoxp ~Z Rvl| zYK{yx [l yjx Rr R[ Yf ~zYv.
[vp v[ ~Yy{ xp ~vz[Y ~opx rtq{ Rr M] {|xp yff Yv. K {rx l X{p[ YMxuyx tj ~vz[Y ~K R rn[zxp ~x [~ X{pf YphK cz t vx.
[vp v[ ~Yy{ ~opx rtq{ Rr[ RlY pl. Rrf rp p[ [f{ {x ~vz[Yl{x Yy [c t{Y nY{p YjhxvY xn{ ~vz[Yxp Rly YphK cz t p ~vz[Yl{x vyf l{y v ~q R{| r~yxY Mvjx vf [p xp l {h r{ ~Ktpo{x.
Rrf p [vf ztp Sl |{~ Yfxl Ry vM[{zf Rp{ pK [vp v[ ~Yy{ ~opx K {h r{p S{l v y r{lrl y Wzz {p Nap{zp v[ y ~vf Rp[vpx Y UrYv|z {h r{.
[vp v[ ~Yy{ ~opx vv AH~ vMnpx K {h r{p S{l Y n lp{ rM|{xY y X{p p{ll vxf WYl Yy [v ~q pfv {h Yfxl ~Y~ vyx. {px Rl {{f ry ryj WYvx.
K {rܻx rop uY{Y xcpx Yypp ~M{nx Rxlpxx. Yw p[ynx vz Yy[p Wx ~op[l{ t. pvl K {p sf vlY òxlvY { X{p[ {h r{ n {p~ Yf R t{ K ~Ktpoxp v~zvl { Rr f p [ppf zt.
Slv y~[l{ ~{p ~YDb{z lyly y p [pp Y~x ~M{nx zopf rp p[ tj tyrl [f{. K [f{f ~K ~xp {~ X{p Rp[vpx Yyppf xj |} {h r{.
A Rp{ Yw p[ynx t AH~ vMnp {rx ~Ktpo YMxzx W ~{Y r~ ylvzp rn|x ~M{nx ~l {pv ~mpxYf [p xvf ~M{nx tzop x~ x. W~v W ~{Y r~ ~Ktpoxp n Y}j vxvY xl Y zop lvpf l{l ~{Y r~ rvjY W [p [~ Rll |z {fr { vY n ~l{x.
r~[x p{z [zx Ryvnz AH~ vMnpx v ~q r [~ ~p ~M{nx zop YMx tz t. zzx {p z [ppfl ~Zru[ YMxz UrYyj z [ppfl { rzwv r~r~ R xmMmx Rr pK nv.
prf[ny p~ xp rvZ |z r~Y WYl ~M{nx Rxlpx [hp[N Uy Ryvj ryvMm y|xY vz Yy[px. W~v vyf [K{z R tlyxY ~p l ~M{nx ~Ktpoxp Rll S ryrx. W{ RxlpxY v{ n r{lY Rp[vpx v YlyK xY xYlx ~M{nx tzop p{l {yY ~l tzx xl{ Rl.
xpp Yn vzz rz { ~ [zx Ryvnz AH~ vMnp {rx lv rop Ryvjp ty R t{Y rpppf R ~ AH~ y[x rtq xl ~ Yy ~v Yzlxx ~lv.
AIDS {l plYy[l r|Y Upl (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) xp vp{ r|Y Upl {y~x Human Immune Deficiency - HIV - YpY[ |yxf Rl v ~ X[ |yx r|Yx R Yyp rnox M{z K R {p y[x. z y[{zf Xyll K x{ M{zv K ~ ~{p Rly, }c ~ t{p y[{zf [y v Slv yz {M[x rY y[ {zv ~ y[x p{Yx vyjxYf rl N.
vv y[ YyY {y~xf ty r~yx {lvf p ~ YpY[ |y lyz, yyx, |Yj x lyz Ypv l{l RxY[ |yxf Rl v v[p l{l RxYf R~npx ~N.
vx ~{pp z[Y (~xv RYy{z) ~Ktpol{z yyx ryzpx v[p p xl z~ {pyjx pYyp zn Wppl Yf RpYl |z UrYyj ulx ~x. f Rvly{ v{[ Y~ l ~p pKy ny{pf y[ v{Y lv ny{f vN v ~ y[ v{Y[p lv ny{pf {y~x Rl x Y.
Yyj v~ {{n y[xY n}f Y vy{Y y[ RxYf n}f v, z[Y p{p ~rM| ~r {zq [vY ~ y[xY ul Yyp thtyx (y, K~, rf, r`p) y[xY ~v[ WYv {~Åx ulx v ~ l{ YpYf t v ~ pN.
19 {p ~x{~ R[ u[x 20 {p ~x{~ vz Yzx tfy RrYN vo rn|xp vl { vv y[x Rn {p f zYx ry p v {~[lxY t{f rl{ Rl. zY ~Z ~opxf Rp{ 2009 {~y R{~px {p f z{ ry zxp 34.4Y cp[pxY vv y[xp rp ~p Rly Wv R{ynn l vv y[x ~ z{ ry zxp nYY x [~ Rl. Wv R{ynn l zxp 2.7Yf Rl y[p R Rl. WY~l cp ~p Yl Yyp zn l{l {Ml{Yf Rp{ 2009 {p f z{ zxp 60Y cpl{f vv y[x {z R Rly Sp zxp 25Y x [~ Rl. RrYN rvjY ny{p zxp 14Y vv y[xp nvrxp x xv ~ Rpm t{f rl{ Rl.
~{p ~x{~ |zlv {~px {p K {~[lx ~ z{f R rh{ R vlx. lyj x Rx{p v{ y[xf ucpx v ~ yfY }rnpxf R tzrv vpv cpl{[ Ulrlܻx {l K Rx Yzx (Life Expedancy of Birth) Rhv ~ RMYxf R rh{ Svlx.
nvrxp pv ~ Rpm {p vp, r{z vzYx x xv ~ r{zf R {p tzrK { l ~ ~vcxf R RlYy tzrv n Rvlx.
v{p tzrvY zYxf R vf ~vl { vv y[x zYxf R v rtq{ R vl{n n Sl {n[lx. A{ pK
1. RrYN {ypf {zqp ~xp r|Y Upl y[x (SIV) Simian Immunodeficiency Virus vp}xpf ~Kr}jx v ~ (r~[x razl Yy Uj vp) WD.Rx.. {~[lx R { t{.
2. rzx AH~ UrYzrpx : 1950 [jp{z rzx y[xf, Wppl ~x[v ~q Hilary Koprowskis ~p Yyp zn rY}j {yv ~ tzxp Yp[N (Belgion Congo) vx vp}xpf {zp t{.
XrM}p SpY}p (Operation Infection) WD.Rx.. {~[lx RvY{ ~p rY}j[yxY vv {y~x }rnpx Yf z{ ry tp zn YphK {z lzY {|xp [v lp vv y[x z{f { t{l KGB Rxlpx v[p ray Yyp znnY t{l ~.Rx.A. {Ml{zf Rp{ r{~. Rnl zYx (RvYp{p[p 15%Y) ~vy Rx vv vlx |{~ Yyp ztx.
RrYp RvYp{p[p 50% Rnl vv {y~x RrYp{p ~vz ]lpx v ~q RvY{ ~p }rnpx Yyp zn t{ |{~ Yyp t{ rY}j{zp l{y Rl.
1985 zYN rmv WD.Rx.. y[x ~x [p zt Rly X n|YxY x. 1986 rmv zY WD.Rx.. y[x vx. W ~f Rn {p ly zYN ~pm R y[p ~Z{ 1400Yf Rhx. UNAID Rxlpx [jpxf Rp{ zY{ l ~lx Rpvp Yyp y[p[ [jp 3000l 3500l Rly N. K Rp{ zYN v cp[px [l f Wxl WD.Rx../AH~ {zp Rx ~pp ~xxf {x n|v WYYf {h Rh ~Z{.
1981 rmv y[x ~x[l RvYN Rn ~p y[p [jp R~xN RpYl yf{z lxzplx, px, vz~xN SpxN y[p [jp ~zYp f vx Slv Rh y[p [jp.
zYN AH~ r|lx v~ Slv Rh r{jl{Y [vf tzr l vp{x rtq vl rY}jxY K {p fl Yy pl. Sl S ~Y}yl{, ~vcx ~rY}{ Ypl{Yf { {n[lYvY v, S ~vf z~xp zt [l ~Z ~{{p R t{ ~~Yx R[Y òxYyYK r{z ~vYxp Rly R tx{, |{~{pl WY ~Yy{Y ~v[ z[Y ~tql r{lv xp t Yyj f S{z Rl.
pvl R{~p{pl lll{x {pp vyf AH~ {rlv {Y{zvf lul { Yyj Yyj [p [wp |z}jlvY rMx}jxp ~ Yf A{ r{Mopx vf R{| ~ {h r{Yf Rr xv pvx.
apnp Yx{~K
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