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S[p [l u}{Y Xtf RvlY {jf vxf vlYx! - Rlv RoxpxY xx

RvlY{ [x S[p [l Yvp n| u}{Y, r~{p ul vf Xtf Rr~ {{l, u}{ S[p [pp ~vx Xt vx lprl Y Wv u}N {ap A{ k p[p RYyx p{l vlY Yy vf XJ vx ~pp ~p t{ Wv vpnexp ~Y} ~l{v Xrr Yy rp{ Rl.

Rr t npY, Rr tz lyj xv Yvp n| u}{Y U[v. Al..., ~vy f A u}{f Rr {yv t Rh{p Rly, Wv u}{f ~{p xv vf Wx rx[Y{ ul vf Ylv rzwvY pN pK; Wx RvlYv xvf r{p. W~ p~zzvl z~ S[p [l, u}{Y ulxp vpv vlYxp n Rl xv p{Yx YY.
Rr n| u}{Y S[p [pp f Wx ulxf [pp{n RvlY vf ~z~{p{ x xp Rn~ Tf [{ [pp{n...?
S[p [l u}{Y, rz{v W~ vlYxp p~zY p zx rpppf tjl RvlY{ [x u} vY Rr lp{f {h Rr[ vlY ~plpx ü t~ ܻtp t{ WYly Rorpxp rp{ ܻJ.
c t{M~, ~Np Wz v~ ~~ F pK { ~fz |{nzx vp nexp ܻnpY ~p Sl {p RoxxpxY Yy ܻJ. ~{u{xp v v{ t~ z~ S[~ u}{ Yl Yyp Wl n|[l{ ~x Yh Yzx ~fv p u}{ ~ u}{ S[p[l r~Y ~NDb{pv ~Ktpo Yy [p X{p Wv Roxpx ~ Yyp z. vv Roxpx nexp {hl X{pf R~ppf ~z~ {x p ~ pK u}{p x. Tf l{ p ~ u}{z |Jnx X{p[ v{ u}{ {p S[~ u}{ |Jn {p{f {h tp {p~ t. {ap{z |Jnx xp u}{p p[p ~v ~{y p[v. (A phoneme) ~xK {apxp p[pp ~{y k ~vx.
~NDb{p Roxpxf ~Ktpo { Wv r~f rfp {ap vz{Y k R~ppf ~z~{ vpnex lvp ~p p~zY p zn W u}N Wv {ap X{pf vlY {p{x rY} Yy t. Rply{ X{ ~NDb{pv Roxpxf ~Ktpo { r~f p ~ u}{z Wv {ap{z ~{y k p[p pYh{v R~vf ~z~{.
RvlY{ [x Wv n{p u}N {ap k p[p rY}jx vf vllp x vlY Yy [vf vzp X{p R~vl {{l, rY}jx R{~px Sl SYvp X{pf lvp[ vlYx R{ Yy [vf x. vlY p~zY y nv t Wv n| u}{z {ap k p[p p{l ~ Yq{ [vfl, Wv u}{zp Rn~ rY| vfl r~{pv X{pf ܻJ.
K lyly nyN {pp... K vl Wf ~xYzYz ~xp~ pK ~`y{ l. A Rp{ W ~fz |{nzx vpn ~[vx Rn~ Yyp Rpnvf, Sl tz vxp n| u} UDayjxpf {l vp X{pf Wv u} Yl K rynn [fv r{l{[p xvf x{ zJ.
~xK YzxY S[pv zt n| u}{Y RvlY{ [xl {~y [jp{Yf r~{ YlY Wx ul pYy tjl, A{ z~xp p{l vlY Yy [vfl, p{l S[p [p {hl p ul vfl vv Yvx lp x{ ztp t{ X{ rp{ n.
RvlY{ [x S[p [l Yvp n| u}{Y, r~{p ul vf Xtf Rr~ {{l, u}{ S[p [pp ~vx Xt vx lprl Y Wv u}N {ap A{ k p[p RYyx p{l vlY Yy vf XJ vx ~pp ~p t{ Wv vpnexp ~Y} ~l{v Xrr Yy rp{ Rl.
Xtfl Yzp S[p [l u}{Y p RvlY{ [~ RlpK, p{l Wv u}N kf Yp xv Yypp. {ap UDayjx {p ly |{jx Yypp ! XJ vx Xtfl y A u}{ xl Xtf p [jx Yy np{f ~YxY p t{f vv Roxpx ~Y} nyx.
n|rx ~pxY