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n|rvx pnpx Mpnpx

Ax Q zYN W܃~Y cx[jx l{y Y Q zYx v tz Yq{y nYh vp ly{ K yf l tK{nx x rj [px p t{ {f[l Y l{ clplyxl, n|x n|x Wp..B. vx{l, tK{nx tz Rl{zp pf{p yYh n|rzpxl r~[x {Y{pN Y~ A Ryvj Sf Yy [l t{ Rvl{p p{vp x.
n|Y lpvyYf R~pp YzxY vzz K yf l rzxY{ Xh {p r{ v~{n[ l~l{nx vvpv np Yy Rfv~xY [l{ppfl ryl{v K yf l tK{nx rj [p{ppf K Yy, rrly, { tzN[xpf { ܻJ. K YvpljY tzN[xp ~x xYGf Yf Ryvj Sf Yy [pp lyv ~x ~x |Yp A ~q xn{ t{ Yy{v rz x. R{~px X{pf lvp[ Yf Ryvj l{y Yy [ppf {x K yG Yy tK{ l~l{nx vzprf v ~fp v ~prx { ~ppxYxl,xn pxYxl WûpYf ryno rM|{xp Yq{y [l Yyppf X{p ~vl { ~ x.
K yG Ax tz Yq{y t {p v r~r~ t Yf, rf { Ryvj ~xzz p Wp WY r [~p Yyxf r~p RYyx K p{z R~ rprfv Y[ppf ܻJ. K yf l TK ycxY Yyzv Un~ WûpYf ~v[ ryvj nYY òxlvY { {[ Rvl{p { xl pl. v~{n[ l~l{nx W WY ryvjY, tK{ n|rzYxp W RpY ryvj xcpx Y t{ ~{Yfl y~Y pN. Yy l~l{nx np vl ~v[v R xf [ rry vp ~`{ t tK{ n|rzpx {Mlvpx {p f xl R [~ nv p[ppf ~vl{ ܻJ.
Ax v tz Yq{yp ~x tK{ Ryvj ~{Y Sf Yy [l p{ ~ X{ Wv Yq{y nYh v y ~x rf, rf Ryvj vprl Yy [ppf xp Yr ~. v~{n[ n|rzp tz Yq{y{ t nv cY ~popx {lvp òx r{l A ~q x qv ~Y}xx. {pl RYyxp r{~pp pK vyf Ax Yq{y nYh v y X{ ~x tK{ ~{f pll {pn~xf x r~ ~.
K yG |}gYyj p{p W {p Y Uly-p[py rl x AYtno Yy [vl, pf RlRh[N ~p Y l~l{p n~ n~Yf RY ~Z{Y v [vl, YzY rfpv X{p[ ~pxY { UlM R RyY}l Yzr{z p{l cpl{ r Yyvl X{p[ Ypx Ryvj t{f rl{ ܻJ. K tK{ Ryvj r~{p Sf Yy [l Yq{y {l [zK X{p[ W܃~Y rynnf x rj z Rll A ~ x.
Y l~l{nx vzprf K vp}x òxplx Rlyv[ YhYrrz Yy v~{n Rl v Y phxfv Ruxpx zt [K clply òxplx rop Yf~Yy{Y{ ~ѻx K nv cY ~popx t{ Rn {p f x t npYf RvlY ܻJ. X{p W lzph v Rv Yyj ruYyp[ pxaMx{yp { pvyp {xY y Q zYN vp}x òxplx Rlf{ [ppf Spxp v Rjh{f tzrK Y RYyxl, Q zY{f Wy{ clplyx r [~{ppf Yfxl Y RYyxl [p Rn {p f t npYf vlY pl. pvl X{p Rn {p f WY{ ~px v~{n[ l~l{nx vzprf K v ~fp yjlvY R{x Q zY{f Wy{ clplyx r [~vf ny x R vyG Axl{xf Wy { Yjhxvl ~v[ x. W A Yq{y l p~ѻx Yp[ rY}x r RrY}Yx { cpyz ~yl p~Y vll, cpl vY ryvjl rvj. pvl Rn {p f A ~x npv WY Yq{yYf [z Yy [ppf X{pf ܻJ.
Yѻxp xpp pK K x Yyxf r~ Rll vyG tlyx { ~zxp n|rzpvx {|xp nYf t ~ cY bpnxp yG n|rzp Rp[lx p K Rl òxplxx. K tK{ n|rzp òxplx r~[x {Y{p{ vzzv r{ܻx vyG n|rzp Yj tYûx x. A vyG Ax tz Yq{y |Yvl r{yY{ tK{nxf Wy v cY tzN[xY{ p[ ~ ~ x. lv xYGf Ryvj SfYy [v Un~ K v tzN[x nYh K òxplx rz p [ppf X{p Yyxf r~ ~p RYyx Sl c[r~cpY x.
nv cY ~popx xp ruYyp v~{n v ry {~~p Jvf [~ n|rzp v~~ x. K v~{n[ ~x Yy ]lp RpYl KzDb òxvxp ~xzz rMzKplN ~oyYyjx Y Y tYx nv cY ~popxx. f Rf v~xYf ryl{ cpr vpn ycrY} xn vr cpyz ~yl p~Y K nv ~popx ropv {yYYyxp x. W X{p ѻx K nnp[pv lvp[ tK{ Ryvj SfYy [l p lpY x. pvl Rn {p f W lvp[ {yYYyxY { cpyz p~Y ~v[ WY x {qppf nv ~popx Yvll r Yy ܻJ.
~tpv r|px Rll Wlp x. Uly p[py rl p{l AYtno Yyp z~ ~Ktpop Y Szzv cpyz{yx ~p r[l t{f r{~p Yl{ YfYl{Y x p x. R RyY}l Yzrx l cpl{ r Yyv Y ~YYy{p n~n~Y n~ K Szzv n X{p Y t{ rz x. vpn K ~x SzzK X{p cpyz{yxf Yzp cpr vpn ycrY} vl {p Szz t ~ x. yGl, cܻxl {~p{Yf X Tf WY` {x pl. W{p r~vY l ~Ktpopz cpyz{yx ly {x Rx x xpp yf vN vl Yy Rll R|x tyrl r|pMmx. RpY Rlf K nv ~popx R{~p Ryvj{ tj ruYyp[ Ryvjv { p pyp TK ycx p [v x. X{p rMzKpl RN A y hyz rplxY p[p Tv ~mrl Yy [ppf x. W rl ~u tzlz rvj{l plx x ~Ktpopz rz~ tzlz ShK tzlz n Sz. W~ Y Tvf xp ry Yr [ppf x. WN Up v npp ruYyp{ x {p p[f{ [ppf x.
p pp cpyz{yx K tK{ Yq{M ~yYy{Y t{f rl{ ܻJ. W 1987 Sp-zY [~v Rl~p Yyn n|rl{x {p{p ryf t~ lyj l n~ [jpY R Yy[l cpl vY ryvjf ~ Rll n AYv x. K t{ l{y {pp {~plp W.WK. voNxY nv ~pop rMzKpl vpݲ Y. lyxylp~K vl[p R~ r|p{z Yyj nyN K y x. X x Rll lvp[ SzzK Sf Yy np t{f cpyz p~Y yz Yv~ vl{yp ~p ~x Ypn~ Sx Rl~p Yy l{y Y t{ x. A RlM cpr{yx Wv SzzK{zf WY` p{ t{ n X r{~ ܻJ.
K ~xzz |z}jx Yy tzp f r xpp ~x v S܃~x lv n|r alxYf rj r{ cpyz{yx{ tK{ n|rzp Yq{yf Rn nv Yyppf np p|x [p x. tK{nx Y~ Rf t{ppf cpyz{yx{ tz RlY Yy [ppf xp t{ Rr W ĻN n A ~v x. Rrf pK `pp tK{ tzN[ ~xzz AYy| cpyz{yx{ Mpnpx Yy p{l K yf l Tvf ry Yrr{ [ppf np t{ x. K tK{p WY K yG Ax v tz Yq{y nYh Y KYf x. p Tf rly x xll WY~~l Y yfY nYh {p{f RYv Mpnpx p{ yG cpl{v ~ Rp Y{yY{l pN.