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~l Yvy Urp n|x vYz przxx

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K {p fl tp[ n|x Y{yY n xpp rtq{ o ray Rr {l z Rl. Rr r{lrl v[p A ~q v{p ShYhY zt npx Mvl ~vc [l K R~ rY ty YyzK Ryvp xYl{x. tno alxf R n|x {|xp ~mp nYY x px. ~t vlx Y{yYn xpp n{l ~{nxY y l{y K R{~m{ rgY Xt {l ztnp Rly Tf R{| NY{ rvjY Rr ~p S YM.

K fK zrxp |opx {p {cx xp |M}x xfl 2009 ~rlKtM 13 { y S ~[xf v~p zxp zn zrxp ~noMm Yvyx Urpp ryj uyl n|x (cKt nrx) (vYz przx ycxf Rxl) K {l yKpnx pv ~mpx t{f A ~z zrx W܃~Y rynlvY rtz ~Y}xY z~ Srl Y. WpK K fK zrxx. R|Y yclv A ~mpxf [x t{ rvjY p{ |Yv tycjp {p~ (~l Yvyx) Wv ~mpx Urp t{ n W rY| Yy Rl. K |z zrxp xp zn A ~Y}x q vf 2009 ~rlKtM v~ 20 p y S ~[xf zxp zn zxKYy[ lMY Yn xpp x R~p f vzz rz xp r~l{ ry rgY cpl{f ~rl {p{f ~Y pl.
xmYl zrx zxp zn zxKYy[ (2009-09-13 p y) zrx vx tj tp zYN Urp t{f ~Y} x Rll {~p Yyp Yyp v~{ xppx. zrx K vlY{ x{p rgYxf ` xpp tycjp {p~ zYN Urp t{f ~Y} A zxKYy zx Rl xppx. Rnvx! ~l Yvy Urpp K |z zZpx r Rnl x ~mpxx xp Rn~ A zxKYyf Zjhpx vf p{ 1. {yY t RY}y [p xx. 2. l{l {yY fr ryn RoY} cpyz RaMx ~yp yx[z vl Y YK [p xx. 3. l{l R{~m{Y ryjlp n{ljp x{ |z zZp ~~Yyjx Yyx. 4. l{l {yY K fK zrx {ap {p Yy R t{l zYN |z zZp{z W~ {ap {p Yy pv t{l xx. 5. K fK zrx v zx RY}y r{lrl r K ~{ ~ n v[ ~~Yyj z~p X nx. ryjlp n{ljp ~p x{p zn |z zZp{z {y [p (t RY}y ~q tx x xp{p zvpv A RY}y{z pv rgYxf {f.) rvjY p{ vaMx ppn~p vxp~ vl ~p |z zZp xK n ~ X n. K ~{p Rr Srl Y ~l Yvyx Urp ~mpxp v{ K fK zrxp rY| Yyp zn Yyj |opx vf xmYl zZYxf px. A lv[ px{ {~ [vf Rpvp zvp ~ Yy Rll v Sp ~qp Y RYyx Y xp{x R~ppf lv[ vzz rz t{ rY| vf n{ pl.
A RlM {y y[ c}x zv vp~p nppY vp p{ rtzlv rynlvY ~Y}x |z zZp t{ K x{p rgY cpl{f {fp{ Rl.
p zZYxY[ [pmxY [p n X r{~x. W u[z n{ Rxl {p [pmxY (ò.{. 405-456) Yzx zx A [pmx tycjp {p~ zYN Urp t{ ~qp {p{. A ~ly X nY{x.
~zp nY}j Spx [Yp [ vn cpl{v tnox {p Rly tp {p~ W Urpp xx xx.
p cYxp tp zYN Urp t{f x Rll Rn Tx pN. ò.{. 405-456 Rly Yzxl ppp ~p W{ppY r{~ Rl. K {Ml{ Rp{ tp {p~ Urp n|x zY{ t{ ~pm N. Rr ~v npv [vp Yy Wwpp npp S܃~x ~f rvڔ (2009.09.13 y)
Rr v X ~p Srl Y M] zrx Rr[ r~llxf R {p Yyj ~pm {p t{ r{~x. K zrx x{p rgY cpl{ r[pp p cYx zx Rn~ n K |z zZpx n xpp [p ~ lMYxY pl. A ~ A rtq ~{n K ~ RMmxY pl. A zZYx xp r zYN Url zt ~noMm Yvyx[ rx[ ycox { Yrz{~l{x.
X ~p Sl ~qp zr Yf~ ryn{f ~ S܃~xf R p{p (|~ݲx p{p) YyjY n rY|xf rl Yy v X[ }x tno pK rvjx rgY cpl{f r~nxv xrv.
Rr vnpv [vp Yy Wwpp npp S܃~x ~f rvڔ xp{p ~qp v ~tpv ryn Y}lx vl p{ S܃~ Y}lx n Roxpx xnp ~y~ Ur RrY}YxY[ r{ ~lf Ur~lvY ~p{Y p[p{f ~Y pl. Rr W~ ~qp Yypp S܃~x ~v[ rynlvY ~Y} S܃~x {p~ Yy{p R{~m BplyK R ~x. Wvpv S܃~x v[p rY| Yyp Yyj rynlvY ~Y} v[p ~pm Yyp t{ n K }x rtq y R rvY n{lp r[p R Yyj. rlrl{z zx zZp Yzp Yzf ~~Yyjxf {p~YK{zf ucpx vf R ShYh tzx. Wl K { |z zr [z fwY Yf R ~ ~ {p~Yf rl pl.
K fK zrx Sl rz z~pv |Yv tycjp {p~ Wv ~mpx Urp t{ n{yYv ~qp Yy x v~ zYN Urp t{ ò.{. r~{ ~x{~ zx p zZYxY[ UnlxY Urf Yv ~tpv ~{Y r[pp YyjY p{ppx. ò.{. 411-412 zY{f rj Rux[ yx {~x Y p uY}p {p~ { xp x Up{p~ uyl n|x n ~ayx Y. ò.{. l{p ~x{~ uyl n|xf r p uY}p {p~ { x} n tycjp {p~ uylx Urpp plx ~v fY ~qp Yy pl. W~ ~qp Yl A Rn~ n |opx vf K fK zrx SpzxY ~ p[ ~f ~Y} nyp Rl. A ~ xmYl zZYx ~qp Yyp z~ Rr ~v npv [vp Yy Wwpp npp S܃~x ~f rvڔ xp xv Rp{ rynlvY{ v{p uY R{|}{zp rxcp pl. ~l Url [p rynlvY{ ~pm {pp K fK zrxp rvjY pN. ryn nrMlKpl{f {~y 100 ~rv llp 1990 r{ clply ryn ~vN cz 07 ~f 13 nY{ t~pl n{l ~p Srl Yyp zn K rnv [p Rxl { fK zrx rvjY p{ A R|l{ nYpf ztp rynlvY RpYl R{|} YK ~x [v [p lyly n rynexp Rly rvjY p{ ~vp rgY cpl{ Rly n razl Rl. (K Yyj f Sl Spxp rynexp rY| Yy Rl.)
lpxf xfl lxY z~p Spx{ r{ x[x FK~ rp~r Rzp~phM Y빃K { n{ll SpxN S܃~x Spxp ~~Yx Ryux t rMx}j [N}j Y. WYz SpxN fr ryn RoY} cpyz{yx { RzY~phM Y빃K vl 1886 Spx{ ryv r rynlvY [N}jxY xj uylxf rj A yf rtq zxp zn p cY ~ayYxp[ {Ml rx~fp Rp{x. vv p ~ayY {Ml ~ tno ~lx R f R lyly vM|px Rp{ vzx Y rvz r Yrz{~l ~ K xp rnK X{p ~p p [pp z. RaMx A. r} vl ~p n K ux [N}jxf zY Y 1895 {M}xx. Wv {M}xv R|Y yclv ~p ò.r. 3 { ~x{~ W rf{p zn R|Y ~lKux ~x [pp znn cpyz Yc }K}Myp vl[ n ~x R{x. R|Y ~lKux ~qp {p |z zZpx Rp{ ~l Yvy Urp ~mpx K t{ ~y z~pv ~pm {xx. A R~z R ~lrx pftp RlM vx nx[ vMxY n v { tN RaMx r}[ {MlN ~qp {x. pftp ~l ~lr lyY n |Y rYj n Wv R|Y ~lKtx R~z lv f t{ RaMx r} ~p xmYl {MlN ~qp N.
(Lumbini - The birth place the Buddha by - Basanta bidari ancient ceylon-Journal of Archaeological servey of Sri lanka page 7- Papers submitted to the International seminar towards the second Century of archaeology in Sri Lanka on 7th-13th July 1990 Volume II)
2009 ~rlKtM v~ 20 { y S ~[xp xmYl zZYx ~p zxp zn ~l Url zYN ~ {xx xpp K {pf ~{Y r p[pp t{ Rvl{p ~qp Y xl pN. A Rp{ f Sl K rtq [ r zZYxp ~p zxp zn zr zZp{z ~qp Yyp Rr[ rgY cpl{f vp{ {fp{ Rl.
vv ~{nx rtq v ~Ktpo v [p n ryn S܃~x }xxp rtq rvY n{l Ãr npYv v{ RMm yl { ~{nxYf ~Ktpo {x YvY ~ x v[p yYmp v[p v~ ~x. A rtq{ n v ~qp Y xl{ Rl. vv ~{nx 2009 cz 26 { y S ~[x tp Urp n|x zY{n |M}x ~l{ zrxY r t. v~ zr lY n Tf r~ ~v S{Yv r vp r~{ y {Mlvp YMl{yx { ~~y ryjlpܲ vl vf yYmp v[p Yl Yf (2009 ~r.6 { y S ~[xf zxp zn zrxf) rlyY W{p z~ vf Ryop Yx. A Rp{ v~p 2009 ~rlKtM 13 { y S ~[xf K fK zrxp |opx {p {cx xp{p Wv rynlvY ~Y}x { z{v r[l Yyj Srl Y. A zrx ~{nxf xv Yyp 2009 ~r.20 S y ~[xf tp zYN Urp t{f ~Y} x Rll {~p Yyp v~{ xp |M}x ~l{ zx zrxf n rlyY zxp z~ y YMl lv Y Ryxv Rp{ vx z{. v v~p R{oyjx Y xl |} YyjY Rl. WpK Rn {p f ~l Yvyx Urp ~mpx rvjY p{ A R|l{ tno ~lx n ~~Yl tno ~lx n p tno ~lx n n|Y {Ml n Rp{ z{ ~p rynexp, S܃~exp zZYxp rvjY p{ ~Yz zY {~p[v rcxl{xf rl { K rn v ~tpv v~ l z~p Srl Yyp lMY [hp[p ~{n r{lvf YyjY p{ppx. W~ ~l Yvy tnol{xf rl { rnv rmv oMv n|px r{l{ rn v tycjp {p~ rM{jxf rl{ ~mpx xp K ~mp Rn W܃~Y {Ml{zp n rynlvY [N}j YK{zp A ~mp tno { pftp v[p Sl rz z~pv rY|xf rl Yy Rl. vv ~{nxf S[~ u}{p r {x pK ~vy f A rtq yox vl {pp clply{ K rtq rY|l xp~Y{ { Rxl{zp A tno { l{l Rxlp{z. zYN t n{lp k K y~ v~p Sl ~qp Y.
ryn nrMlKplN {~y 20 RY YzxY ~{x Y v~p A Yzx rvjY p{ p v{ v rY| Yyp R{~m{z RryG rgY cpl{f xm lll{x rY| K {[Ļvp tyvf vf pY. Wv ~ K fK zrx rtq { Wv Yyj |opx r~ 2009 ~r. 20 zxp zn zZYx ~p ~qp Y {c Yyj rgYxf r v v[ xlYvY ~ A rtq rl ~qp Yyj Srl Yy.
fr ryn RoY} cpyz {Mlvp Urn|Y RaMx ~yp nyx[z vl Y RpyorM rMx}j YK [p ~qp Yyx. nYj R~xN ~p |}flv rynexY {p RaMx ~yp yx[z vl xfl ryn nrMlKplN {~y RfY rvj ~{x vf zv v[ u[xY Yf ~zY. Wlv ~p Yyp zn rMx}j
Pre history of Sir Lanka xp{p Yf~ nYp xl{ 1992 r Yy Rl. Tf Rvly{ K rtq rl ~qp [pmxY n v~p zx Yyj v~ Srl Yy.
X[ rMx}j{z ryvMmx {x r[ W܃~Y x[x ~f W܃~Y x[xf r{Mlpx v rtq{x. Wv r{Mlp x[x p{pp rM{ W܃~Y x[x
(Proto History) {l rf ~ѱ xp{. K Rp{ 1984 Rpyoryx Rl p{y YK X ~p RyKu Yyp znn 1969 Rpyoryx Yyp zn YK{zp zt[l nll rnpK Yy[px. vv rMx}j r{l{x Rpyory Rlry ry cp{~ rn|x { mryvxf T~p [ cxt vz[x, [ջ n vz[x R rn|xpx.
Wv rMx}j ~tpv nYj R~xNv S܃~xf tzrK Y ~|} rMx}jxY ~ ~qp Y xl{ Rl. Rpyory p[yx vl rf ~f R 30 rvj ry |}fayxY pftp ~x [vf RaMx ~yp nyx[z vl ~vl {xx. v{|x ~qp {p cx{lyjxf {~y lp y ~xxYf Sl YzxYf Wv x[x Rxl {ppx. Wv [ջ[ YK{zp ~x [pp zn nllxp Rp{ xYh lY}jxp, R|{xp R vl Sl xj v tp lY}jxl [lpl tj t{f rynlvY{ RaMx ~yp yx[z vl ~p rp{ Rl.
Wv YK{zp SpxN yc Y R|Y Rycx rM{ Yzp{ RY}y { t RY}y ÃrxY rmv {l{f v { t{f RaMx ~yp nyx[z vl[ rMx}j v[p Rp{yjx Yy Rl. Wv t RY}y ~l { Ytz ò~l rM{ 6 5 xp ~x{~{zf Rxl t{f rynlvY Yz Mjx v[p ~pm Yy Rl. K ~v[ v { { YtzzY Rpy n xp {apx ~qp {x. vv v tp{z R t RY}y Sp RMx vz ~zxf rYY{ Rxl N xx X xx. K{ v {|x ~qp {p cx{lyjx Rl Uly Spxp tzrv zY{f ztj x[x A{ t{f ~Y plx X |{~ Yyx. Wv ~x{~ nY xj{Y K yf l tj t{f ~YxY pl. (yx[z Ruppnp - ~~vp Fl[ rf RY 5-6- ryn nrMlKpl{-2002)
񃌼 xp zY{f {hv vf ry v t RY}y t rvpv ~qp Yvy v Urp t{f vx ~Y}xY p{ppx. 2009 ~r. 20 p ~{nxf WY { zZYx v~ ~qp Yyx.
vp[vpxf ry zYN tx RY}y ul Y t{f ~Y} vv[p N. A ~ 񃌼 xp ~v[ rx xp vlx vv[p |opx Y Rly tp Urp n|x zY{ t{f ux{ rY| vf Wx ~Y}xY Yy[l x. A ~q ~Y} Rlx t pvl A{ lvlv pp{lYv ~ { nv Rl.
(2009 ~r. 20 p y S ~[x)
vp[vpxf ry t RY}y [p ~qp Yy X A zrx ~v lpv {y xvY zxx. tx xpp Wxx. t RY}y xpp W xv {apx t{ rgY cpl{f rp{ np Yvll. X[ vlx [p vv l{yfl ~qp pYy. Wx pf |opx R ~x.
R|Y |z zr{z {ap {p Yy Rll zYN |z zZp{z {ap {p Yy plx K rtq R{toxY p Rx[ Mvlx. R|Y |z zZp pf 200 R~pp ~Z{Y v Rl. vxp rxY y ~xzzYv {ap {p vY p t{ rgY cpl{[ p [v r~ ~qp Yy. [pM Yz~, xy[, oz, c[ R |z zr ~.
Sl ~qp zrx zx zZYx A ~v[v ryjlp vl zxp zn |z zZp{z {y [p rzzK [p Yl Yyx. ryjlp r{yx v ry nexY, S܃~exY rMx}YxY t{ v z{v r[p Rl. ryjlp vlf S܃~x xfrl vf ~ R{|l{Y pl.
vaMx ~pyl ryjlp vl[ rMx}j rtq {y vlxY rgY cpl{ l R x ~ rynx |{ nzx Rr[n [ylxY { vaMx ~v tvj vx Wlv [p ~qp Y Rpnv v~ nY{v. ryjlp vl |~ݲx rMx}j{zf Yr ~ppY t{ R{nxp r[p ztpp. ~vxcpY xx { Yp |z ~Z{Y A vl ~p r Yyp zvp K t{ vp{ rYf N. Sl { rlrl ~Z{Y zx rMx}Yx {|xp ryjlp vl zYN ~~ ~xv rMx}Yxp Rt{ ~. ryjlp vl vzY {|xp Upp{Y Y{x ryn{ Yyx. Rp[lx A vl[ R[x vx YY A vl ryn{ Rytx Y ~{x vz Yf [px. W~ {{n S܃~x rtq rlrl zv ryjlp vl[ YMxxp Rly {n[l R|xY x. (ryjlp vl S܃~exY {|xp ry n ~`y{ r. 31 ~~YyY ~~vp Fl[ 1999)
vaMx ~pyl ryjlp pvxf R [yl{x v~ R[xvf zY{ R t{ rgY cpl{f r~Y {lx ~l. Wlv ~p zxp zn ~xv rY|p zr zZp WD.A.Rx. [jzY vl ~p zxp zn [pm pv{zxY Sl ~qp ~`yN r Yy R ~ A rtq Upp{Y nY{p rgYxpf Wv lyly zt[l x.
r~[x ~ܻx (2009 ~r. 20) p ~{nx xj zZYx ~p ~qp Yyp zn rgYx pv[ x{p ~ l{l rY|xY pK vcp r~lYzxl ryn nrMlKplN r~lYzxl rynrl tvx. K{ t f nxY lxY vz| N. (y 2009. ~r. 20)
vcp r~lYzx R ryn rl [p rY|xY vf p{ ryn nrMlKplN ~Yy RoY} (rY|p r~lYz) z~p v ~{x Y ~ v r~lYzx R rlrl v r|zpx Yy R Rly vYz n r|zpx Yyp ~. X ~qp Yyp nxY lxY [pm n ~. Wl
Epgraphia Zelanica xp |z zZp vvp r~{ A rtq {yjx ~l{ Wv bx rfrl ~v[ r Yyp rmv [pmx Sl ~qp [pmx t{ vv zr x{p rgY cpl{ {l np{ ~p Yvll. ryjlp vl ~p zxp zn Inscriptions of Ceylon rv {v vpv Spr~{ X ~p zxp zn W RpYl Yf~ n rmY vz| z~p ~zY. A{ nx vz|xpx. Wvpv ryn nrMlKplN {M}Y{ r Yyp {Ml{ n rMx}Yxp ~q { vzY [pmxY {ppx.
K ~ K ~{p ~l Yvy Urp ~mpx v { fK zrx v[p ~ A R|l rn|{z Yyp zn ryn [N}j pf {~y 150 rvj YzxY ~~ Spxp tfy yf{z n{lp ~p n Yyp zn rMx}j Wv |~ݲx zZp rtq R{toxY zt [v v{ {c lyly r p[vf ~ v[ {ppx.
ryn nrMlKplN fr ryn ~Yy RoY} ~ vov ~~YY Ryvnz vo Urn|Y ~~vp Fl[
(ryn- WK.W~.~.)