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tp Urpp nw{ ~ uylx pN

~Ktno alx ~x ~K Q zY{ l ~ { t{ xp {przp ~ oKvzYy xp nw{ cprn n~x ~zY r lp rtq{ Y [xY r~[x n~ܻx v r Yv. v ~ll{ Xrr K {[v {przp xpf r{yp Rly Wv tp Urp n|x rtq{ r Yyp zn zr{zf ztj rayxY n K rf{v r YM.
K {p fl tp[ n|x Y{yY n xpp rtq{ o ray Rr {l z Rl. Rr r{lrl v[p A ~q v{p ShYhY zt npx Mvl ~vc [l K R~ rY ty YyzK Ryvp xYl{x. tno alxf R n|x {|xp ~mp nYY x px. ~t vlx Y{yYn xpp n{l ~{nxY y l{y K R{~m{ rgY Xt {l ztnp Rly Tf R{| NY{ rvjY Rr ~p S YM.

nwx xpp RMmx rrlYy t{vx xpp x. Q rnx {pnp vf ~vp Ypn p[p f v[ nwx p[ppf ~ N. A ~ RaMx ~x [j~Yy vl nwx xppf np RMmx [p Rrf r|pxY pl. zY{ t{K ~l{ ~{p {xpY xp zY{f nw{ xp {np z R t{ r[l xx Wlv ~qp Yy v ~lff Yyj. Wlv[ K rY|xp rppp Spx{f nw{ xp xv pxnp p[rp t{x. Wl {przp xp cp+t+r xppp np RMmx r[ppf Wlv ~pK pl. Y~ {{l Y[ Rp ~ R {nnp Rr p Spx{f nw{ xp {apx rD Yyp ~v.
ò.r. 7 { ~x{~ Uly SpxN ~~ v cprn r{ t{f ryn cpr{n v[p ~pm {p t{l, tp {p~f ~Ktpo tno[x{, Fl{pyvx, N{pyvx R ~mpxp R|Y Rycxf {h ~x{~ 3Yf {ջxp ry xf Ytp rY}j{zp ~x[p R t{l R|Y[ Mvj K [hp[z Rly Yz ry~x rz{v {p~ t{l xp RaMx ~x [j~Yy vlf vlY Yy nppf Rrf ~ ܻtpp Rrv yG [z, {hpp, S~pt~~[z, t[z, tvy[z { ryn ~mp{z Ytp rY}j Yl, xK xp A{x {x~l Xx SpxN R ~mp{z {x~l WY ~vp pK A{fl {h { pK R {p [f{ ~ [vf xcp Yyppf tzryll {p MjxYxp vp{ x xl n xp Yyjxx. Rr K W܃~Y ryn ~mp [p Ytp rY}j pYy ~xv {~ Spx{f v vf lyK {p vp~Yl{xYf Rr rl x xl n?
x, rhyz ~Nx (~zx) t{f rl K WYl { rpl{z pvxp rtq{ R {p y RyYK{zf {h A ~zx vl [p RaMx ~x [j~Yy vlf r|pxY ܻtp t{ rp. Xx rpl Xxf {h vl v pK R{| t{ ~lp pvl Xx vl Rh vf l {x ~p u rvjxY v czxp xf xv ~ xx Rpvp v ~oyj x. RaMx ~x [j~Yy vl A rtq nY{ R vlx v~ x.
Rlx r{ zY{ Rn zY{ p{p t{ Sl rz x. RlK f Wx X~Gzx{ lyK |z {xpY vf r{p. vn[~Yyx (S[~ UDayjx vh[~YM) vn nyj (~~Yl vooy, S[~ vfMxp) R pK Wv upf zvf l l{vl ~x p[p pl. vz{xp ~ zY {xp n (S[~ zYN RxzpH~) Wv pK{zf Rp{ `pp zY{f ~Ktpo [z [x u u[xY U~ Y vp n~ [jpY t{ x. K yppf vz{xp u}{ ~ ~l l n ~z t~f ~ ~ll{zf ~vpYvY nY{x. vz{xp zY{xp ~ vh[~YM Rl ~xK |z rn|xY {f Rxl { t{ ~x Y. Sl |z n|xY z~ n|x R~ p t RzY~phM[ v{ Wx Yh zY{ t{ R~ f |{~ pY t{ Wv xno {Ml{zp p [vf r{p.
n{yY lp{yY { Yf~ ~[yx [z [x t{ rzx. y{j yc[p r~ pl x[x ~ Yzڻx ycp n{~ Yzx[x n{yY [j t{f ~Y} Rl...
v{z [[{ n l [`Yf {h [[ vjhzx. p f ux U~v ~ vx ~ Rl. vv azpxp n rppK Yypp ux R ryY t{ x. v{z [` rv{ tfyf [z Sp r~{ T~p [f [z [~ Rply{ p[pyf [vp Yy R{~p {|xp p{ll T~p n~f [z xx.
(Urf [v: zY S܃~x x[x - RaMx ~x [j~Yy, rf 35-36)
{xp xY} [ܲY {~~{p ycl vzx R|l Yz~Yfx ~ xf ~zYp YNyl xp nnpv WYv rn[zxY z~ ~lp RaMx ~x [j~Yy Yz~Yfx R~z R Rplrl z [p ~qp Yy ~ly{yK n{yp vvx nx[ ~xpx Rplrl z Yy [p xvY [p n ~qp Yyx. Rnul ~np x [p tno alx {pl n{ al ~vp lll{xYf rl vf {xK v p n{ |{~ vl ~ {{. p |{~x Rp{ tp {p~ }j nxp[ n| R{ly{zp WY. n| {p R{lyxx.
RaMx ~x [j~Yy vl ~qp Yy R Rpnvf Rrz v~xl {~Y ry r~~{Y l przx Ul~{ r{l{p t{ Rll x. (New Year Day & Buddha Day) lvp[ yff M] S܃~xY Rlx rpK Ruvpx Sx przx cp[pxp p uYYxp ~xxf 84Y ~һK ~oYx p~zY òx vf Wyf ~pK t{ K òx{p ~pm {x.
zY{f ~l Yvyp [p tp [p cpr{n plx RaMx ~x [j~Yy vl xx. cpr{n {n[l {ppl A{ [p xppl xK vlxY Xrr vf {pl ~oY p f x. A {pl ~oY Bp lyK Rrf ܻJ.
1. t xp vx[jxf {v.
2. t xp Yzxf {v.
3. t xp p[rxf {v.
4. tnol{xp x { {~ twy[z Spn|z [N {~ ~v. ~YYrdY ~lx n|p v.
5. { [N {h ~v.
6. ~vp Ypn Qrn zbpx rfv.
7. ~lzrNN {h ~v (nYpny ~z zrx)
8. 񃌼 v ylp {p~ {ppf ry ~]xf r zp (Ytp Yz Mjx R{| x)
K Sl ~qp ~oY ~zzzf [l xl {pp cxf ry zx rlrll, cx rۻvp r~{ zx rlrll ~ry z~ p| v ~ x.
1983 xrpx r~lYzxf [ lt p| v 20 { ~x{~ ~ { nyjlv tnvx nr ~yxx. [tl { ~vy rlrl {p{p Rn|Y ~rxppf p {jl 20 { ~x{~ R tj vj |zrx xj{ ~ [tl [x ~vy rlrl {p{p Rn|Y ~rxppf {ppf Rl. 20 { ~x{~ lll{x v~ {{l vj |zrx pxj {, Rl RYpv lzY{z rlrl zx WYv rl rfrl [jp{Y ptj, W [ ltp zn rlrl {p{f A{x RܻMY rfrl ~rxx p v r[l xl x. W tnvx nr p| Y rop R{~m lpY x.
1. z[x vjvy r~lYzx [ lv. (zNz RYvYx ~)
2. v yx Srf t~p zx rl Y [~ [ lv.
3. ~l{Y yc~ ~vx tno rl [ lv.
K rop R{~m yj f {pl nYz p|xp n ~ { t{f ~YxY pl. A Rlyv n| RYvYxp n Rr {p rlrl ~yYK Yy[p [~ Rl. Tf ropv ~Y}x v{|x 40 { rDEnx Rlynp v x.
t RYyx ~ r [pv [p x R Rzp cp Yxf {z[l{Y ܻJ. Wl vz {Y}x x {pl |}ll ~v[ K Yyjx n ~zY tzv ~~ x. W |}l [jp{Y ܻJ. pp n{f R~ p{ rvp ~xzz ty Y p x.
S~pt~~[z S~rlpx v p {p Rll tp {p~ N {h {~x Y t{ p {jl x. Rpvpxp ty Yypp {zq [pp p{, |l p{Yf Wx r~yx ~Y~p ly ~zzzp Yyj vM|px Yy tzv S ryKry {p{p K x[x Rrp ~ x xl{ R zYv xlYvx.
Rz~ S܃~exf jh{p Rp X{p vxK R{|l{ [p zY S܃~x x[x rl Wp Yl{yx[p ~fp YN. Wx Sl {n[l rY|x. 1912 YHfp zx zY S܃~x ໃl vp r[p ~p Q zYxf lvp[ yG S܃~x [p RoxpxY Yf Yyj ~ r r[~{ppf l{vl pl. {pl yf{z lv yf{z S܃~x vl Yy[vf |} Upp{p òx Yyll Rr tz[p Spp {pl yf{z rn[zxp Rr yG S܃~xf R{ np p r[vf x. W{ R{~m{Y {przp xp Rr yG S܃~expf qf np jh ryY R t{ pK rp. Wl A rp ûrpp p{ Rr yG S܃~x ~ r r[~{ppf, l{vl px{ ܻtp n~ [jp ~zzr xvfl, Al WYYv ryn YK vxvfl Rr yG rynexp[ S܃~exp[ R{opx xv {{l X{p Urp n|xf Sp ~z~p ~l Rrvj x.
RaMx ~x [j~Yyxp[ u{ppx[{ ~v[l ~һK Y{ R{to v xp xv pK r|pMm ~l x. t nv Rr{lv ~q r ~pp. t nK S[pK Rp{ Rr{lv ~q òx YyppY pxl ~v[ [pnp Yyppf rzwpp pl. W{ rp{plxY l Rll ~v ~{x p{ ~vrl ~{xx. W dj òxYl{xY pl. Ray|z uYܻxp r [x RxY Wx |{~ Y x xpp [pl { xll W{ppp {p vM[x ppp t{ x. djx ~v[ Yfxl Yyppp t{ x. r{lv {p{p r ~ppp t{ x. (K Yyjx f {h ~ly Y xl{ Rl.)
~l rz {p ~zzY n~ p{l p{ll tzp v~p f R{p Delution lll{xl n{p{ R {p Helucination lll{xl [p RaMx ~x [j~Yyxp lv zZpx R{~p Yf~ ~qp Yy ܻJ. Rn t u{p vo~mp{z ~ {p n ~Ktpoxp pK K rY|x {y x x. {pl xYf {l vFv Yx n{ ~lx {|xp ~qp {p ~Jt~{ ~lx ~qp R R~{ r K òx r{p ty{ ~p u{p Yfxl{z xnp Unxf K rY|x R x. Wl ~Jt~{ ~lx ~qp Y~ rp K YvNnx [p ly ly n|p Yyp cptnrx rl Yl{yxf pK K rY|xp Yyp S`x R N xx vf pK ~lpp pl. ~vrl ~{x l Delution ~ Helucination ܻtp t{ v pnpp ~ x.
~Y} ~oY p{ {{ n r Yyp Rn~ R{nxp r[pp R{~m n R t{l,W~ {pp Wt vlxf SzvY R f t{l, pvl tp zYN rz { t{f SzvY zYN ~z tno cpl{ Rly p t{l RaMx ~x [j~Yyx x. Wx W~ x x. rl zvp RxK Urxppf tzryll {ppp A rtq ~N v R{| x. A A R{~m{z Y Y vl Wpp A ~q R Szv ~ x. Wlp Rll {ry pxx. Wl xK~ |}l YyjxY {p{p cpl{ l SzvY R vfl A |}l n [p A cpl{ p{l x xl x. W{ p{l t{Y R vfl rlY zv R{| x. SzvY p{ ܻtn A rl zxpp cpl{ ~lx Yy xv YyK YyY ryvMmx R{ x. cptnrx rl zx Rll A p{l t{ R vf p Szv ~rxv [p ~zY pK pN xx vv ~l.
RaMx ~x [j~Yy vl zY S܃~x x[x rlp vl Yy [ppf Rn~ Yyp rv Szv ~q n K cptnrx rlpl xK ~{xY ztll Wx Rrl ~lff l N. Tf l{ cpl{ lv yG M]Yzp ri S܃~x p [vf Upp K pwy{Y S`{p ~ x. A rv lp Wx ~ݻK Rn~ rY| K ztyz n~ R~ z~ p{ ~ z~ xnK rszx.
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