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vz ~pxY { [zhp RMtnx

S[pvfv Urp ~Y yj~[p RvlY p{p rhvY S[p [l n~ [jpY cpl{f ~lY ~z~ppf Ul~ Y Rx Rly n|vp RaMx zzl Ylz{z Sxpv ~ѻx x.
~Y Sp{~vpG ~v[K vnz lprl Yy R~yj {{p zzl Ylz{z vl v {x ~yjY RrY}{.
W n|vp RaMx zzl Ylz{z ~qp Yy ~ѻx ycx ~ v tYN ~x[x lvpf zJ pK R lprlYy{pf ~oyjx Sf v ~q vl x t{ x.
~Y yj~ {a Y vnz [{ppf Srl {j zzl Ylz{z vl Rn ~pp yY}l tpop[y[l{ x. (tpop[y [l { ~p ~x z~ R~r { X p Yw cY yz vMapG {GfN rYy ztp ~x.)
~Y yj~f, nk{Kf, nk{Kf, vyj nk{Kf vpv n|vp RaMx zzl Ylz{zf n Wzz Rll WYv anp x. A, Rp{~y vz Rxlp r{l{[p xK ~ A{x lprl Yy t vnz {a K anp x.
Rp{~y vz Rxlp z~ p{pp cpl{[p vnz lprl zt [vf lpYz tzxY pv vz Rxlp x. 1988 RY 30 nyp tY rpl ~ 1988 RY 78 nyp vnz ~v[K rpl xp rpl xfl Q zY v tYN vnz vjhzx ~p Yl Yyp ztp tzrlx pv{ ~ ~v[vYf cpl{[p vnz lprl zt [l p x.
~Y Sp{~vpG~, [zhp YG YH R ~v[K Rxl {pp, vnz lprl zt [vf R{~y pv ~v[K Rlyf x.
pvl RYM}x rz Rprl cpl{ {l Srl Yyp vnz lprl zt [vf vv Rp{~y vz Rxlp òx Yy ܻJ. [zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Yypppf 30% Y rzxY zt vf Wv Rxlpx òxYy ܻJ.
cpl{ [zhp YG YH ~v[v {l RYM}jx {x Wv S rz RprYx l{. {Mlvpx yG r{p vz {l{yjx Rp{ W{ S rzxY zt vf ~ z~p{l x{Y pvl. W{ S rzxY zt np t{ ~xK RxlpxY r{~pp pK A rtq{ R{opxY xv Y xlv x.
pvl W{ rM{ R{opxY xv pK R{~p rszx ܻtpp lprlYy{p 9054 npY[ yrxz zxp 26 Y vnzY {YYH [ Yy{zf Rl {j Syjvf [y v x.
yrxz zxp 26 Y xp ~rf vnzY pN. WpK yrxz Y 2600 .
2001 tzxf r WY~l cY rY} ycx x rtnv Q zY {hr{ òxlvY v ~q clplyxp zt [vf Ul~ Y jx vnz yrxz Y 45,000 .
K p{z ycx clply vz Ryvnzp zt [vf Ul~ Yyp jx vnz yrxz Y 19,000 .
A Rp{, [zhp YG ~v[K ~ ܻtp {aN rvjx Xtf R{to Yy[l x.
[zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Y t npY Rr ~v[ rY| Yy ~ѻx lvp A ~q xv {j n|vp RaMx zzl Ylz{z vl ~ ~zpY ~v {ryx rtq tj |{~x ~ t{ x. lvp v{p vz {a{Yf [y {p Rlx ~pp{l p~l t{ n X{ rY| Y.
zzl Ylz{z ѻx Rp t rxY {[. Rr Yvf{l lN p Wx K {[ nxY Yyx xz. vv [zhp YG YH ~v[K yrxz zY} ~xY lprl Yyz ܻxp{. 2005 lvx ~zz KK. r[x p{KtM {pYp rzx ztj. p{KtM{zp r~~ rzx pp p. n~KtM 15 nppK N{. n~KtM 15 xpYf ~v[v {z. Wlp v YztzxY. xn rxY {[.
}p r[h vlx lvp [zhp [fxf ~ {j RYyx ~ly Y Wz~.
r~[x n~KtM 23 { .WK.Rx.~.WD. WY tj ~K ryp {j cp{ {pYf rzxl WYY ~zz np{ xz. p vMl v~l S{yx. ~zzl p. rzxl p.
}p r[h vlx {yfl rY| Yy ~ѻx v{ Rryo{zf ~Ktpo Rxf Sv nk{K zt x xl t{ x.
Rr ~zz p{l zt [pp UnN Yypp xz Rr ycxp Szzp{. K ~zz Y ܻxpp Bp. yrxz Y 2600 Y xpp ~rf vnz rvjxY p{xp. t~l{{y {[ fr ~~ vv Yyx xz Yv n Rr npp?
tllyvzz r vpn cx~ vl [zhp YG YH ~v[K lprl Yy R vnz yrxz zY} 80 .
2005 cz v~ lvx vnz lprl Y. 30% Y rzxY ztj. zzl Ylz{z [p tj |{~x ~ lvx [zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Y. Y{n npp Rrf vv Yyx xz.
vpn cx~ vl rY| Yypp lvp [y R {aN lyv p [pp f ~xzz ~ vy t{ x.
RYyjxp Rrf ~oyjxY Sf {x xz tzryll{Y ܻxp{. Rr Y vp~xp Kt Yyr ~zz lvx [zhp WY lprl Y. Rx Rrf vv Yypp?
vpn cx~ vl Rn~ nY{pp RN[x. W{ RN[xY Xf RK rvxY n pl. W~v W{ RN[xY R{ ܻtpp Xf rvjY n pN. [zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Y ~xzzpv Rn ~pp R{z ~[l vp~. l YzxY ry Kt Yy[l vnz {aYy{p r~Y ~p h [p zK CncpY Syjvf X{ vj r ~.
{~y 17 Yf r~{ zY{f r Rp} WvMG vlx n [zhp YG YH ~v[K yrxz zY} ~xY lprl Y x. A ~x vnz {lM [~ Rlx Rx ~qp Yyp x.
~zpY N{v zY pvY tj. Rl Yyjx, zzl Ylz{z [p vv npp{. A |{~x ~ lvx vv [zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Y. vz v~ nY {z{f rzx ztj. XYltM p{KtM {pYf rzx ztp px Wpp Wpp ryYY {j. [zhp WYp xp{ rzx tY{f Kv xz. pvl tY{f [xv rzx z p. Xx xf ty x x rzx np WY ryYY Y. Rpvf ~v[vl {z Kv.
Rp} WvMG vlx {yfl ~qp Y vv vz {a{ ~pxY lyK xYy t{ x. vnz lprl Y Rx ~x p~ [pp lll{xY r{ Sx Rx t{ Rx R{oyjx Y x.
[zhp YG YH ~v[K vnz lprl Y r~ vj ~p vp~Y rhpx rtq R{toxY zt [v WlyK Rr~ pl. ~Yzf, nk{Kzf ~ R~yj {{p[ [hf l{l n~ n~Y rvj p WYl Rl. A, [zhp YG YH ~v[K {hh l{.
[zhp YG YH ~v[K lprl Yy t vnz ~ {[ u[xp ly{ RYv{l z~ xnK Yy R t{ K {p f Rp{yjx {p r{.
[zhp ~nx RYyjx v{f [x r~, ~v[v ~l |az ~ aaz nr Rp~l v {Y{p x[xY Yl vf [z~~ rop v~ll{yx Yfxl Y x. A r~[x WY~ { x.
zzl Ylz{z vl[ q {p ~~zx Ylz{z vlx lvp ~[rryN yzY R~o{ rYy ztp t{ exY vM[xp RYyjxf pK ܻJ.
W~ Y ~~zx Ylz{z vlx, ~zp tYN lvp ~l Rp{~Y [jvp (Wp.RM.W.~.) yrxz zxp 20 Y zt np z~f lyY pK Yyp Wv tY{p SzzvY Yy ܻJ.
A RYyxf ~zpY ~v {ryxf Rxl nr ~ vnz Rp~l K R{pvY r{p t{ ycx e{yp RYyjxf pK vp Rply{ v~ll{yx Sl x[x Yl Y x.
[zhp YG YH ~v[K ~ur{yx {p zzl Ylz{z rop oxY zox {p Y{p rMy ~ W RoY}{xY {p ~~zx Ylz{z ~p ~v[K lprl vnz Rxm z~ zt [pp zn RYyx rtq{ o lyly K {p f Rp{yjx {p r{.
Wv Yyj Rp{yjx vl ~v[ [zhp RMtnx l{ l{l {Yz {p Sxf xx. n|vp RaMx zzl Ylz{z vlf [zhp YG YH ~v[vf ~ W RoY}{ypf Wy{ lprl Yy{ o yol nY{. ~zpY Yp~zHfH ~v[vf Rxl [~xx r vz {~ ~MjxY tzp Rlrl Yy [vf n [zhp lprlYy{ r~Y r~[x Yfxl Y.
W lprlYy{p[ Ryvj {x [zhp vz {a{ rtq{ ~vcx R R{opx {Yy [v x. [zpp xp 냣 ry [l Wzzp{ ~ YvY Yy ~x lprl vnz zt [vf [zhp lprlYy{ Ul~ Yy. {jx Nnp{ npp {jx ܻxp 냣 x. vnz p K Nnp{ npp n Wxf vj p Ypv x.
RrY}Y z~ vz Yfxl ~ K rsz Rn vv lprlYy{p ~x npfv Rl ppf ~ ܻJ.
~zpY {ryxf Rxl [zhp YG YH ~v[K f [l RMtnx r~{ ~zp tY{ {l n ry [x x. Wv RMtnx p ~zp ~v {ryxf Rxl pp~ RpH [yp YKr zfH, ~zpY Sp{~GvpG RpH xz YKr zfH, A}xp pp~ YKr zfH, n pp~ YKr rWz~ xp ~v[K {l n ` Rl. vv ~v[K{z R~mxl vl x tp A{ {Y{ [vf R{| òxvM[ [v ~q Q zY v tY{ r~[x vl x. A Rp{ R ~v[K }xx Rx {|zl{ R vz [f YvpYyjx Yy [v ~q Q zY v tY{ |} òxvM[ rxY [p ܻJ.
[zhp YG YH ~v[K ~{ R vv vz {aN tzrv Rlpp ~zpY ~v {ryx rvjY pN. Wx yG ~v~l vz rnox Yyv tzrvY Wzz Yyx.
yG vz Rxlp rtq{ vcpl{[ |{~x q {һK R{~p rszx {pp cpl{ Wv vz Rxlp{zp S{l v x. ~x lprl p{l zt [vf cpl{ rvl ~v[ R{p {|zl RMtnx ~ Wv vz Rxlp{zf ~x vz ~~yj Yfxl r{l{[p xK px{Y R N. W R{~p rszx {pp yG ~v~l vz rnox Yh {v x.
v{ lll{xY R v {Y{ [v ~q ycx vl ~ òxvM[ [v Rl{| x. ycx v[p vz ~ z~ Rxlp {l ~p rYcxY p{ K Ul~xY rtq{ r~[x p{z R~ppf zt. pvl l{vl Wx rx[Y{ òx{f p[ pl. W{ppY {v òx{f p[K ~ R{|l{Y K vl Un[l{ Rl.
W~v v vcpl{ ~l{ n ~|z {[vY Rl. X{p vzpv R{to Yy[l xll ljx cx ~Y xp t {np Ryl x. { rz zt [ppf [~ ܻxp vnzl p Yy [pp{ n pW~ pK ~oyj rzxY ztp ~m{y, |{~{pl RxlpxY lv vnz lprl Yyp{n xpp cpl{ {v ~l tzx xlx. ~Yz[p, nk{Kz[p vpv [zhp Rxlpxpn yff, cpl{f ~ { ppx qfv rvj{l x.
~p {pl
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