@

 
   
HOME
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 


[ zzf { [vllp Wr

zY RMY RMtnx Rr yff Y{y RYyxp tzrx n xpp [p K p{z t np[ R{opxf rl ܻJ. zY lzx RMtnxY {{ n W xmMmx pK ~ RMY YvpYyjxY ~ pv lYf[p vv [f{ S~vl{ R t{ x. ~r RMY tz{l { RvYN vz YvpYyjx Rxz xv lYf[p K {p f z{ RMY tz{lp [jp{Yv vv RMtnx Yf~Yy{p t{f rl{ ~.
RvYN rzpxp ly {~ jx Yl{ K RMtnx RyKux ~fp Y x. v rvjx RvYp tY nr jx Yl v ~q Yh tY {l Yl Y jx |l rxp ly{ ryjx K rYx K RMtnxf l{x. rz ~zp {l jx zt [ll{p[ xnv Rxvf {h {v vv RMtnx Mvjx vf tzrN x. jx{y YHrl (Credit Cards) v[p {~ jx zt [ppf R ShYh l lv r~Kxf Xyll pnp RYyxp RvYp{p Y z [K Tf l .
Rxvf {h xnv {v xp rK rv ~oYxx. Rn t npYf vl{ R [f{ {px K zY rx l Rrf lp Y{yY n xpp x. l{ v~ Ãrxp Q zYN RMYx {fv Yh {fp Rlx ~vy vl r Yy. RMY {yjxp [p y r. pvl Wxp [z{p v[Y [p ~{Y px.
l l rn[zxp {|xp K yG cpl{ vv zY RMtnxf vj x xl RYyx [p X{p p{l K YvNnxY l{vl vyG Ry pl. X{p[ xnv lv lvp[ v~Y Rxvf {h Rh{p lt [vf Yfxl Yyp z~ ~ tzoxY K {p lY yG cpl{[p SzzvY Yy pl. Rnfl Yypx zY RMY RMtnxY Rlx xpp Sp Rrf [z[l p xx xp St[l xv rvj. pW~ pK Yypx K RMtnx Rrf tzprp t{ xp ry~yK nhvl rvj.
{ xvY {{vp pl. K RMtnx R Y RvY{ K {p f Sp [h Avf W cpl{ rx[Y YvpYyj YvNnxYf xv Yyp ܻtj t{ Rr r~zhz Y{yY[{l R{opxf rl pl. X{p K p{z Yypp xnK v {p{f Rp[lx [p lp Svf lv cpl{ rzwvx. A lYf[p K {p f RvYN n|x Rxcp ~zx xl rvjxp Rh tj n x [h AK vM[xYf r~ppf X{ ~vl{ ~. RvYp vz {Ml{zf Rp{ ~xxf 1.9 Y rvj t SK r|lx K {p f 2.6 Y r|lxY nY{ S [~ ܻJ.
RMY YvpYyjx [p xppf { xvY {{vp pl. ll{ n|Yx R[ u[x {p f zY tYN xvx {x ~v yfYv lv yf lf n~ vnz [z AK ~ yf{zp n~ vnz [z xK YvNnxf (Free in Free Out) pl x xl t{ x. Q zYN RMYx {l {x n W rszxY xf x. pvl zY tY xvx RYyfv rrvY Q zY{ rllp ~ {x pl. Q zY{ Y {l RMYx rzpx v tY{ xfl lt[p ~xK yv{Yf xfl{ RMYxf n~ [zppf Shvx. zY tY xvx RYyfv rrppf [x R~xN RlK yf{z Yh {fn np p{ ~x lll{xY Q zYN R {x ~xK YvpYyj YvNnxYf xfl{ Wx ~ { ~ x.
zY RMY r~v [ zzY z~ nY{p [vllp Yppf [xl Rrf ~ {pp n Rz Rvy{Y {fppf x. W~ pv{ vp RMY YvpYyj YvNnxY xfl Tf vj K ~z~vY R Yy [ll RMtnxf zY p ~һK x{ BplyK ܻtp t{ Rvl{p { xl n pl.
A ~q xp [vp vzY{v Y xll l l rn[zx[ rfp ~x yc Rxlp{zl, [K Yr Yhx ~f v rvj {ry czxp nY{l xnv Rxvf {h Rh{p lt [ppf Yfxl v x. K ~q ~ vz RMY YvpYyj YvNnxY R{| xx Rr rp rp xpp A ~ x. Rr yf {p ~lx zuxf {ry Yyppf rfp[p v rvj {ry czxp nY{ lv RMY YvpYyjx Xr p{ {ry {plxp y|xY  Y yf. X{p A lpf rl{x Rxvf {h xnv Rh{p lt [K ~yz RMY YvNnxY Rp[vpx v lYf[p x. W~ pv{ K Rx ~x {ry xj K Y~ rzp RMY {yjxp X~~ xp vpFvpG Yp~zfpGz[ tyrl Urn~ Rp[vpx Y{p pK pN.
{ xvY {{vp pl. vyG {pl {ry czxY Mvjx Y SK }lx n {plxY {p N ~fv ~x lx [hp[ [l alxYf r~[x rvj ~Y}j {Ml{Y (BOQ) ~ly Yyppf R rvj ~rY}Y{yxYf (Quantity Surveyor) p rly vz ~fp Yypx Wx YlyK rx[Y x x rv ~q x. K yG R {pl pvY R Wv {x~[l {rYx R rly v~ x.
vllx, vf B{ lypp p. K {Hf xnv xn... Rxv xn? vf Bp WDayx... xnvf {h Rxv { pK WDayx...
Sp fl {h RMY YvpYyjxY [p xpv Y{M n? v RMY X~lMz[ YvpYyj YvNnxpf {h K {rY {plx[ ~yz RMY px lv lvp[ yG RMY YvpYyjx ~Yy[l xl RYyx [p Rrf yff np RnM|x YlyK ~yz n?
A Rp{ tzp Yz [ zzf { [vllp Yv r~Y lt Rxvf {h xnv Rh Yy [K YvNnxYf v yfv R{Mj x xl vl K. |}xpv yc Rxlpxp p~x }jx R{v vl, YMxY}vl{ S pvl v{p r~yxY R Yy [K Sl yjlvY ~oYxY {p t{ n { xlv x. yc Rxlp YvpYyj YvNnx x{lYzp p{{l K RMtnx [yY t{f rl{ppf Q zY{f ~{p t{ pK pRpvp x. Wtp K vl rfp{l A ~q S YMxY}vl{Y R Yyp ~ YvpYyj YvNnxY òxlvY v RyKu x xl{ ܻtp t{ ~x rzvYyxp zvYyxp {l { R{oyjx Yyv.
W~ pv{ yc Rxlp r|xp l Rzz~, p~x, }jx R ShYh {~ pv{l K RMY R[ox n Q zY{f n [zppf ~{p pRpvp x. Bpv RMY RMtnxY cx [ppf vz pxY R yfYf rvjY p{ l rn[zxYf {{ r{p. A Rp{ ~ vz pxY xfl {p |l YvpYyj YvNnxYf xfl{ yc rn[zY R|{z vpv lv lvp[l Rx{x YvpYyjx Yy[ll K RMtnxf ~MmY{ vj x {p Rl.
Y l~l{nx ~~lv rycx Y p xx ~v~l clplyxv ry~yK hn l~l{nx np {Gf { Rr { yfYf {{vp{l, Yrvl R}gpxl ܻJ pK K RMY RMtnx n np {Gfppf x{Y x xlx. W~ pv{ Wv RMtnx Sx np {v lyK l{l [{Y pK x p x.