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pvl lyj R{xv zt X[ K R~l cprxl{xl, {~p [jxl Rl~~Y[ TM}{f Yoxf l x. Sl Y Yzp vN tly ~t r~Y Rly X zt cprxl{x Wv Rl~~ l uxY R Y rnpK yl z~ x. Wv ux rry [x YJtYh{, yc y YvpljY YzzxYf ~Ktpo ycx ryppf Ul~ [pp xx l ~oY pv anp{Y p[. WYn~ p{~x f l vyf rzpx ~ hHz ~ppxY ycxf W{ anp ~l Xll ztppf x. rszx {x W{Yf vr{ ~ KcM cpyz aH Uh[v Rl Yvpljx ~q ~Y xx pK Y |z r~Y RlRh[{f [v x. A Rly YJtYh{ n x.
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K Rly WYn~ p{~x llN tzxf rl ~v tjhypxY Rjh{ {h [p{ ~ xn zop[ ~{n-y{n u{x [p rY}jxY r{lx. A {Ml{pf Rp{ hp~z Yvplj anp{zp n~ Yyp zx. {xf zz[ rM|{xp t to{ n Al ~v[ S{l x. ~x v{[ RYvll YvllY t{f y{ [l hp~z ~{Y[ ~l p zz { Yy [ll x. tno ~l Rp{ vpv YlzY al Rp{ rzzx n {x ~ Y zzf n ~ rh{Y R pvf x. WYn~ p{~x llN n~KtM lp{ ~ { vv {xp hp~z-zz x{f y}, |Y ~ z}p pp {yp nnpY rlY Urpp x.
{ {p fl hp~z Yrlp{yxY t{f U~~vY zt ~ѻx x. A WYn~ p{~x f l rty{ v~ lp { x. {xp {~y rY [lvfl ry 71 Yzzf vj p YJtYh{ W ~yj RYyx Yzzf ~ { lyjxp Rnl ~ Yypp [y{x. y~ v Xll ~{{p v[p vv Yzz [p rM{ Rply R`vY X W{Yf t ycxf Yy tj n Yc Yzzpf yf Rzzpp r{pn xp R{lY~y{Y ~ rzYx A rtq{ Upp{Y pYv ~ ~ { v p|x hp~z YJtYh{ vx pYvj lyjxp[ z rr~l vY òxYyYK rnoxY z~ pvf SYvp p{ ry{~ Rl~~ Rlp Yp.
WYn~ p{~x ll nY c rv { hp~z KcM lplyf U~~ Yyp z. WYn~ p{~x ll r vjhzY n rgvz{Y v ~q xl WY~l ycoxf [x hp~z YJtYh{ ~MmY rj{p r~ WYn~ p{~x ll l Rr~ zY{f rڻx x. K {p f ~prxY z~ v{ rvp ly ~t ry}xY ~ cprxl{xY, ~t r~nxY X {f [h p[p t. X[ vv xj{ S{~ ny [vf p {{p ~p rly{ o YfYl ~ YJtYh{[ v lx y ~Yx c {r xppf x. WYn~ p{~x R~{ n|Yx RyKuxl ~v[ vv lll{x {hl nyj { Rly Al ~v[ WYn~ p{~x R~ WY Rrz rv { X pp YMpz oyxf U~~vY ztN x.
R~{ n|Yx RyKu {pp nYj n~ [jp ~z lyjxpf vyf {l vf p~~ uxY Yy. n~ [jp UlM nv lyjxp n|rzp ~vY pv{ Ktl { ~p TK ycxY rl R Rlf [.
nYj lyj rhpx R tzxp vMnpx Y n UlM TK r|px W~ ~vf p x. vv UlM r|px ~vf vvx {[v ~pr hp~z YJtYh{ vl rl {x X[ lx {h {hl YMx tz Yy. {h ~vY xnvx rrl v[p, TK{p vMnpx Yy Ulyf n|rzp ~vY zt x xl t{ |{~ Y K yjy{ UlM ~vp ~z cp lxf rhY p{p Rpnp xn vxK{z yl vf ~v fYv R{Y Ul~xY [ll x. X[ vxK Rly {hvyD ~fp W܃~Y x. pvl cx[jx r r, rzYxp[ x[{zf ~ pvp {~ Yzyj ~p Rr~ vf ~ v xp ~tYf ny[l p ~K{zf Xf vj vf ~ x.
{hvyD ~fp r~ xnox p{lvf rzYxp[p x[ zt. p Yzyj ~p ~p f YJtYh{ n|rzp uxf r~vf ~p t{f rnpK yl y{xY n yf ry r. vx rzpx ~Yxf lh p Rly v~ X vl r|p{zf n vj pp x. pvl A ~xzz n~ p~zp ~p tz ~ YJtYh{[ cprxl{x pp pv { x. v ufxp X{ RvlN YJtYh{ yFcy{ xp Rny pv. Rr Yh{ YJtYh{ Rr yc YJtYh{ xp r ]} X{p Rly ly Xz{y~p p { x.
K Rly WYn~ p{~x R~ l R[~l rv{ YMpz rnxf rl { X WYn~ p{~x R~ RG R[~l rv { X ﲻ[xM{yxY z~ U~~vY ztN x.
WYn~ p{~x R~ p{x cp{ lp{ lp xno Rorp rgx Ur rgvz{Y v ~q lpx ~p YJtYh{ ly [ll K Rly x. A {p f Yw òxpl vxK vz~mpx rox z~ Yfxl Yyp ~ X Urx vf lpxf [x n ~ ÃrxY l Xf x vyff Wppf ~ x. A vyf W{Yf ~ rzYx[p Wzz { to{Y ~ x. pvl xn Rorp rgx tzop[ lMcpxp vN ~ pv vyf rzYx YJtYh{f p{l lpxf xvf Sh pp x.
Wv {~M n~KtM p{l vyff r YJtYh{ ~prx WYn~ p{~x RpN cp{ rv{ KcM cpyz lply zt rp[h rv {p ~pYx ~pr lplyf rl x. Y YzYf r~ 1990 c 12 { RKryf x{p zt X cz 14 Ulyf n{p ~pYx ~pYr lplyf rl Yy x{p z. ~pr YJtYh{[ ~[x lx {hlv {[K ~l yjlvY x[x 1990 ~ 1992 Rly Yzxx. Uly p [vf ~KrMj R{opx xv Yy ~ X W ~vp ~tp Ryxf [pp rp rrr Ryxf [ll x. ~tp ~fp K W{ xY [{ v pxYxY Sp ryl, Sp r~l  {x pl.
~z h N{ n|x Rp[lxf Uy nppf ~p lyjxp[ l yryn p| xv K vp{ l{ ~[ ~l v fv R Y Yp[f{. Nnp{. UlM TK{ xnox R{~p Yy cp lx xm lll{xf [p Av ~q v rvpxp vxvY xl vf YJtYh{ Rl xn pxYxp yjxY [pp znn K Rly x. A 1992 {~M x.
xpz Y{pG h{p xx pK Y vv vxvf ܲo vNv |z ~u[l{xY RrY} Yyp z. vxv xl K ~zzzf [l xl rop Yyj ÃrxY x. cp lxf ~{p lY yf v[ y{ [v, ~tp Rh l xYf vj v ~ {yvYf rvnxYf Sh plvx. v YJtYh{ ~pr{yx Rl rry r npY x ~ѻx R{pK { [hK vM[ Rly v vM[xp xrpxf ufxp Rl v ~~ t{x. pvl v YxG~ rl Ryz{zf [~ rv{ v~K Yf R{~p yjxY [vf W ~ WY ﲻ[xM{yxY Y xcp{f WY` { r~ 1997 R[~l 7 { ~{~ ~y [x x. A R rY} K Yy r~ v{p t{f yjxY [.
WYn~ p{~x Rp nY R[~l Rf{ U x. Yyxp[M{z ~f YxG~ lfr lY tGf{zp [vp Y v pxYxp Wlp ~f Ryz lY r ym{zp [vp Y. K r~f ~pr hp~z YJtYh{, pY Yvny vp cxv, ﲻ[xM cx vzylp, YMpz ~{p, pp apv cxry, YMpz x|n rzrp, ~t Yvylp ~ xy Urz vy~ n Rxl x. pvl Ryzxf [~ Rr~ Wp [vp YJtYh{ yjy{ Rl r~ [l zpH y{M r ymx K tKtxYf ~ S xp RYyx v[ X{p Wply tz ~ ~~ r~f Y[l x. A X{p WlY Y t ~jv rvjY p{ YKrpxf rl { |zlv ~v x. Sp xy Urz y RpY ~x npv YJtYh{ ~prx ~v[ R{~p [vp [x.
z{ Slvl Yzlyp  {p Mzu [jx ~prxY { hp~z YJtYh{ vyp r~ pp cpyz rnxp rnp zx. X Y R |}f ~{x {p{p {hvyD rnYYv, rMj u rnYYv, ~ppno ~{ M] ~{ rnYYv, Q zY xn v 25 { ~{l~y rnYYv, Q zY cpyc ~ppno ~{ rnYYv, cpr oyrr rnYYv, yj Yv rnYYv xp rnYYK y|xp rK ztN x.
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