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n|rzp y ryx

Rlx K yG n|rzp r{xf WY { rn[zxp vyf n|rzpxf R|M{nxY { t{ Rvl{p { xl pl. n|rzpx lvp[ {prx t{f rl Yy p[l X{p[p t npY lvp Rn n|rzpx {p{p lvp[ [ y ShYhK r{ R Yy [l t{ y~Y pN.
1956f ry x[x rtn{ ~zY tzp f A x[x {l vpv Urpv rul{x Yyrpp[l rpܻxp  { n|rzp pxYxp ~ Rorpx X~~ lvp zn p U[lYv vl r~Yzp{ rul{x zt[p cY n|rzpxf R{Mj { pxYxp rtq{ vM|plvY{ ~zY tzp f X{p l r zY}j [jp{Yv nppf t.
vzY{ X{p n|rzpx ~x {prx t{f rl Yy [l r~Y p{ t{ { xlx. ~xxf ~xxYv p{{l X{p l ~p vGfvY vlv [xY n Y [l x. X{p n|rzp tzx ~zYN lvp zn rul{xf l{l [y{xY [p np RuyjxY z~ x. n|rzpx lv [~lyx Yy p[l X{p l yf {p{p {h K rMmpxY n . K ~v rN [l Yz vvpv p{jl X{p l ~zx xl S vGfK n|rzp ~ayxY n nYpf x.
Sl ru rp nYfv Rxl pxYxp lvp[ rn[zY opx r{ cY R{|l{p {p{p Yr vf rzv n X{p l x { |} zY}jx. ~ rn[zY zurY}{p ly{ rcp xrl {p{p X{p Y Yr K l Yf [p X{ Rnfl vyf cp vp~ l xp {cw.
pvl 1960 p r~{ K yf l òxlvY { lGf vy n|rzp yf{f R{Mj { vn r rp{z rn[z al{z Rurxp Yp[l{ {x lvp lv r{z{z ~Z yjx {p{p rvj. vz x[x n|rzpx l nYpf ztj xp n Yyp Wvpv Yyp n xp UlK ~Krxp v{p l nYpf ztj{l, nYpf ztpp{l pl.
K ~xzz rszx Rll K {p f Q zYN n|rzpx vlv UulYYxY t{f rl{ vx. rrlxY p n|rzp yf{ l lvp Rlyv{ ~px Ylp x xpp r{ vyG n|rzYx pn. cY vpv cpl R{|l{p n ryxp X{p l Rlv zux rvjY S~vl v Tf l{x.
W vyG n|rzp {| YlN ~t UyvYYyxp[ r cp v{y l Yf [p X{p ~l { {~l{ z vnz rvjY p{ {l r r{ R Yy[l t{ Rvl{p p{vp x. pvl Rn {p f Rl ~l pv{ yG n|rzp r{xf R{Mj {p rcp l{l {~y ÃrxY R{vp v opYNyxY t{f rl {x. Wxp [v {px K {p f vyG n|rzpx ~t Ryl tyrl rMx~xYf ucpx R t{ x. pW~ pK yf l n|rzp y ryxY ~{ ܻtp t{ x.
Wv y ryxp rz {p l{l YyjY {px vyf n|rzYxp ~p r cpl{ ~l plyp lll ttz[ [jxf nvp zt R t{x. A Rp{ lvp[ { yp yp Rlf r{~p n vyG cpl{ r[pp xx n|rzYx ~l ~. pW~ pK lvp[ Q vZxp {yp ~x yG cpl{ WYlr~{ ~f Rpvl Y xl t{ X{ Yzrp Yy.
WYv YyjY ~Ktpoxp vyG t n|rzYxp {yY r{~p vvpv Uh xYy {ppf WlyK YzY [l {pp pl. WY RlYf yG n|rzpx Uh xYy { f v{ pxxh[K ~v WlyK RyvxY n pN. pvl Ryvx ryx Wlp S~vl {pp cpl{[ Yyvxx. Tf l{ K Yyvx vyG cpl{[ Uyvx t{ K n|rzYxp Rnp ~x.
K {p f vyG n|rzpx vvpv [{y r [y{Y{ R t{ x x p {vp x. Wv [yN Yy {fY [z ~p n|r{ yG cpl{ n Wv [z{ppf YyvjK Rzz. W{ U[zY ~{ppf lyK yG cpl{ rz ty{p p{p t{ K n|rzYxp[ pxf ~ {pp pl. RpY Rlf ~Yl{x Mpnpx { Yz W{ppY pppf n xY pl.
vyG tlyxY n|rzYxp ~l ~px {p {y {p~ {p lvp[ n|rzp pwyl{xp vyG cpl{ n ~ vp r[l xl t{x. pW~ pK Rnx xl t{x. cp n [p nvx ~ Rxp ppp lvp rvjY t{ n X{ ~l ~. lvp[ n [p nvxf cp n [p Rlx n X{ Yzrp Yy. K vx{ l ~~yp lvpf ~ RYyxf cpl{ Rpnx xx n X{ ~l. pvl r|px Rll {Mlvp n|rzpexp xp xp RYyxf Rppf ~pK cpl{Y yf l pvv x. Wtp R rnvf n|rzp vx{p n Y lKry { cpl{Y l{ yfl lll ttz p{p {[ vyG ~x n|rzYxp {h {hl ~Yf xl x. W~ p{{l [p [fv cpl{ Rpn{ppf [~ lvp[ ynn [z{p t{{l X{pf plyp t{ pK ~Y~nY ~ rzx.