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Yf ~fp
.. Fl[ rx[Y n|rzpx nyvp ~Y}x

cpr .. Fl[ cܻxp ~v[l. Wlvp Rr Rly {l { Yzx R{y Rp nY.
x[x {ՃxY[ R{v`zYf ~u[ {p Rr X[ {x~ [p Yl v ~vp ~l. Wxp Rr Ul~ Yypp x[x {Ճx[ Ru{xf ~oyj RMmxY zt vf x. Apxp [lYz .. Fl[ vl ryvx} q x ryz{ [x t{f ~YxY pl. 1916 rty{ v~ 15 { xp{y v[z[v Url zn .. Fl[xpf ~v {x~ y t np Rn Rr Rly pl. A RMmxp n, A Yv [x {~p{plxY z~ x.
Wl cpr .. Fl[ Ru{x rn[z Ru{xYf {h W [x ~~nx. Sp v l R Y [~v {hl [wy WYY z~ vf ` xx.
~vrYy rY}YxY z~ 1939 .. Fl[ lv lx RyKu Yx. Wf X {x~p ~ lp { ~ѻxx. Fl[ alrpxf Rp{ 1947 ~f 1956 lY lv Mvl UhxY { A. ylpxY Rvl{yx[ rn[zY zYK oyx x. .. Fl[ 1956 ~{p RrY}YxY z~ Yh[pp{ R~pxf ly[ Yx. A {p f X[ {x~ 41. Wlp ~f 38 {~yY lv n|rzpx {{l x. A yf npp r X n|rzpx xj pp ~ rynp pN. rynp ~ p. W~ rynp pp p{l rynp cpl{ ~v[ WY{ [vp Yx.
cx[jxf Rp{ lv cpl{ lyp z~ np pyvxp ~p yG Fl[ Rry alxY x.
Rn ~~ Rh vYn npp p S vcp Yply{ R{~px ~vy p{z X lv[pv v~ v~ [l t{ r~no Yl{. ~MmY n|rzpx xp cpl{[ AYy|vx xpp v RlY rlY} Yy [ll Fl[ ul{ Roxpx v.
Fl[ Ru{x ~MmY n|rzpx xp cpl{[ AYy| vx xp rx[Y ~l ny ~ nyvp ~Y}x ~vcxp S{lvx. K nyvp ~Y}x Mvjx { Rn Rr v~ tzv. Wx Xf Yyp zYv [y{x x x.
~vrYY Fl[xp l r{ܻx ~p R~ Y zp[l ~{q. A ~ ~{q p[l A. ylpxY Fl[ lvp {lf Yy [llx. Fl[ `p ~p{ xp cpl{ ~v[ ~vY z~ A rj {x{no n|rzpex lyK [llf ~Y pl. 1956 A. ylpxY n|rzpxp ty x. A ~~nx Fl[ n|rzpxf R{Mj x. 1956 Yh[pp{ R~px ~{p{ ly[ Yf n|rzpx rv Rlv zl Fl[ p{l y~~ x[p [x pl. X [K ~Y {p {l v ~q [{ rzpx RyKu Yx. A [{j v n{~Yv ~{Yxp yY rGxf Wp f Fl[ vllx Rvhx [~[p yY rGx ~no Yf {p ~p nYpf zj.
Fl[ n|rzpx ~MmYl{x tj Wlpx. Rr x[x rMzKpl [x t Unx Rl lplly lv pn[v Yy [ppf Yzrp Y. XGfr WYl Yy r Yhxp lx RyKu Y ~vy vpݲ lpplyxp Rrvj n RrY} Y. {l lv {p yf{v {p~ Yy [ppf vp tzx. K Yzrp{p {yj X{pf rvjY pN. Wl W{ ~p ly [v l lvpfl lv yffl {yj t{ Rr ~p Rnfl lyK [p pl.
1956 ~{p RrY}YxY z~ Yh[ppN T.A. p[{zzf, ~z vYYMzf vj p Fl[ zt[l bpn ~Z{ cx[Yxp ~v[ ~zYp Yz ~Dav. Wl ~Z{p n~ [jp. Sp r~ X [ny {ll [r rfp [llx.
1960 vMl bpnxl X ry Yh[pp{ Rll xp{yf ly[ Y ~{p RrY}YxY z~ x. {~y [jp{Y xRpr Rv{yxY ~v[ ~ .. Fl[ rY} pxYl{x X p[p p~ppf Rl. Wl 1960 vMlN xp{y bpn rszx hHz ~ppxY ~~z Y rtz r{hxY Yl Yx. W xp{y cx[ll xRpr RrY}Yx x. Q zY n~ rY}x RrY}Yx lp{pp Yyp ~{p RrY}Y .. Fl[ n{ ~mpxf rl x.
.. Fl[ xp ~Y p{ cp~KvlxY t{ hHz ~ppxY lyK [llx. A ~v { X{ Uhp{yf pK Y. 1960 c yjlvY bpnx .. Fl[ Uhp{p l{p {yfl rycx zx. Wl vlY lt[l xl{ Rll X ryj bpn 213p t{x. rY}x zYj Y~x [~[p rj WY xp yG Rxxz { ~vy n|rzYxp n{l{Y rMzKpl rڻx pl. Wl rY}xfl r{hxY np n|rzpx RyKu Y Fl[ ~p nrxp yf y Rn [x yG oxY cpr oyx n t{.
R~[jp{z R[u[x {p f rY} pxYl{x չ[ tjh Fl[[ n|rzpx R{y Yf {xw RjhYy oyx uy j. v vf WY rn[zY lxY ~rl N. X W~.WK.~.Y. ~vy~ pK N. ~K YzY ycx n [l [y{yxY{ ~ѻxx. X ~{xp |v [x {zz vo nzx. Yyf rn|x t np X ppp rѻx[ny ~vy~ vllx fx.
WY {~Y Rr nnp[ r~qy Rly X Fl[ vllx ~rl Yx. A vl v lx rѻx[ny ~vy~ ~ry z~ lv Yf nYjp {~[p ~p~ Rp{xY r Yx.
Fl[ vllx Rxl n|rzpf Wp{ ~vy~[ Rp{ [p npp vv X n~ tz ~ѻx. K n{~ X rMzKpl{p n Y vyx.
A lyY p{x. ~vy f R[v {ppl r{. rѻx[ny ~vy~ lv Rp[l {Yx R{~p Yx.
rxp rx X~{ lv Rv {p f vf ~vy~{ ~rl x. Sp pp{ zYN l{p oxY cpr oyx lY rڻxx. A Yzx {p f WY~l cY rY}xf Rn Rkzp Yj YY WY~l cY rY}x l t [~p ~ѻxx. lv Rnyx rY}x Rp[lx X S~{y p{p f{f ~Y pl. Y ~v[ Yv [x [ ~pxY Rr~ rY}xf Yq{ [vf rn[zY vxvY RyKu Yyp zx. A YMxx rY}x l Xfl Rux[ Mvjx Yyp lyK x. Wl lzll Fl[ Rlx pl. RpܻK [ ~pxY Fl[fl Rux[xY {lx Xf vlY Yy np z.
Rr K nypp Rp[lxf Rx rY}x uyYyl{x rvjYx X Wf ~p~p t{ vv n. rfN Sq [llf v Ypv pxYxp p{p t{ rDa Fl[ lyK [p j. l{ X .W~., hHz ~ppxYz, A. ylpxYz, T.A. p[{zz rlY}xp RlY vx.
.. Fl[ Sply{fv WY~l cY rY}x xp lvp p{p t{ vp{ lyK [l pxYxY x. X oxY cpr vp r~{ SJv rY} pxYx x. Wl X A Y Yzx l n rY}x l ~yj l{l rY}YxY z~ ~ rY}x RxYyx z~ pN. pxYxp yrjx {pp cpl{ Rlyx. .. Fl[ W{pp. W~ p{j v n|rzYxv Rf r p{p rrz vp y~ N. Rn v yfv [ f p[pp rrz [~ n~ tz ~. .. Fl[ Ru{x ~vcvx [~vY z~ vv npp }jx u}jx p{ry Ulpl u{x lyK [l n|rzpex xp |{~x.
e ap~ ~pylp