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A WYn~ p{~x l {~M rty{ v~ n~x {x. [ ~ܲYYx tnn[v rn|x r~no {n{yxY { Xpv RMpz~ n ~z{ tzrѻx rGf[ c~zp n ~z{ x{f rlY Urppx. X Yzp y˻pzH n ~z{x. ~nyxpv ly npY[p xl r{z Yzp Yh Yzx ~fv S[vf Sl nY}xY x.
Yh Yzx Yzp j {hj tzrѻx ypL v[nyx. tzrѻx ypL [K r~z R{y nYY rvj vzY Rorpx y Yzp Spr~ rpM |pl cp zf p{~Y ~~{Y z~ Rll {jx. A {p f Yzpf {x~ R{y RfY rvj x. pvl Yh Yzp W { YzY p~ѻxx. S[pvf Urp rp X{ Yw ycx nzxf Rll v rx[ R~{ x. Wlp ~f Yzp Y}g nxY Rorpx ycx ・zp ztNx. W r{l{j ~x u[{zp Spv ~vl { {y Rorpx ~q W[zplx tz pN p[[x.
W[zplx Yzp zphp |{nzxp rmv Urx zt [pp f Xf {x~ R{y 21. Wv {~M v S܃~x rtq rmv rpܻx [y{ Urx n zt Yzp Spr~ Wv |{nzxv S܃~x rtq rMx}j R|xf t pp S܃~x rtq rMx}jxY Yx. 1930 {~M Yzp ~x RaMx Urx zt [l Rly A ~q X ly [l }x {x lpxp xfl zY{ xp lv{x.
K ~xzz Yyp Rlyv zphpx zpYp~ Sp pv n rgxp t~fM {l Re u[x n ~vl vf lyK nY}xY x. K Rly Xf Rry Ryop{Y zt. X[ {Mlvp S܃~x rtq rMx}j Yfxl K Rnx x{ f zphp |{nzx S܃~x rtq vaMx A.~. Nfp, Yzp[p Y Szzv. A hY pK |{ nzx S܃~ rgx vaMx rnx ty [pp z~x.
pvl |{nzxY S܃~x rtq vaMx{yxY {p{f {h exY z~ Yfxl vf R~ Y Yzp zY{f ry rڻxx. rj exY z~ Yfxl RyKu Y X r~{ RexY, ܻNxY, ~KrnYxY z~ o lply lY rڻxx. K {p f Yzp [c Szpx. tzrx rlv YKF ~xM u[x ~vl WYv Ypl{ { ~x ppf ~t rlppf xppf ~ { [vp R{~px S{y {x {x. 1935 ~rlKtM v~x ~x pppx ~l p n ~z{ vpx ~v[ { { Yzp x{f ny{p ܻnpY zt.
1931 {M}x ~f Yzp[ lx {n[l Yz{Y{p{ Ryw. Yzp zY{f rj { Yz xppf ry {zz{ll y vz ~{Y {h{McpxY ~ x. W{Yf {lx ~ pxYxY{ ~ A.T. [j~ vv {h{Mcpxf ~u[ v rY}r Y f Wxf pxYl{x pp Yzpx.
Wlp ~f Yzp[ Rry pxYl{ zY}j cpl{ Rly razl {ppf rfp [p. y vz {h{Mcpxp rfp [l X[ {lx ~ {ryx RyKu {x W~x. K {p f vyf vzx {~[lx rv ~xvz {ryx n RyKu t. Yzp K ~xzzv Sxpv [vp Y pxYxY x. 1931 ~f 1935 lY [l { {~y rx l cpl {ry{zf pxYl{x np ~p Rlyly 1935 n~KtM 18 { zY ~v ~vc rY}x Url zx. vY~{ px r[l vv ~v ~vc rY}x rmv ~ur{yxl pxYxl {x RaMx Yzp RM n ~z{x.
K {pfl vzx {~[lxp zYN t rn|{z cpx Sl rhpxf rl ~x. Yzp ~x ~[xp { Rp.RK. rMy, ~ly Yv~ Rp ~v[ Rn [~ A y[ cpx Sp Jy [vf vl {~Y [l. WYz Yzpf Rl y~~{Y n zt. A ~ly Yv~[ tl Yz{K Yypp {|xp [K xK [K ry Rvfx. 1935  Y ~v ~vc rY}x rmv pxYx {{n rY}x l R { [f{Y ~ Sp S{l vf Yzp yjx Yx. W~ S{l [~ tz}Y zp~G rY}x rf{ [l Wn pxYx x. ~ fY pvp ryvp Yzp p~jx.
n|rzp Yfxl{z X Yyp x {n[l zY}j ÃrxY x. Sp WY ty v lpv rY}r v. R{~xY {jl, n|rzp {|xp cpl{f Rll { xlx. xpp X[ n|rzp nM|px x. Wxf qv Uyjx {x u} r|pxx U~x n Yzp [pp Rvy rllx. lv xvY {p{p ph{Yf r ~x pK X vn{ [v Yzp[ x. WYz X ~v[ U~x lMY vf ~ WYv ~vl Re WK.. rMy rvjY t{ |ynxY { vaMx .Wz. r~ r{~ Rl.
vzx {~[l Yzx R~yj y[p ~x [xp [f [x RlK y[pf ~xpv j Yq ~ rNNx. Al ~v[v rrl cpx RMY z~ rh p Rxy f X A ~xzzfv l{ n|rzY z~ {f [llx. vx p vf pK r{p ~vc-RMY yf{ {p~ x xl t{ n X |{~ Yx. vp{ Rx{~YK rtq ~vpl{x rtq{ Yl Y X 1935 n~KtM 18 zY ~v ~vc rY}x rf{p f rop SzzK lpY Srl Yx. A{ pK zY{f rMj n~, ujh }rnp vM[ rtq r Rxx, c, Yz R[K R l S{l Yf, ~vpl{x vl rnpK { ~vc RMY YvxY R vx.
1940 {p f zY ~v ~vc rY}x y rY}xY z~ Ryc{p ~p lpK Yyp z. Al ~v[v Yzp ~yuyxf [pp z. X{ ~yuyxf [vf ~l~l [p rz~x Wp f Yzp ~ѻx U~xx. A lYy{Y {p{p r ~ ph{Yf Yl vfx. lvf ~l~ [pl ܻtp t{ pK p f Yzp ĻN lv r ~p ph{ R{~p {ply rz~xf ~p z~x. ph{ R{~px rz~xf uy { Yzp ~y[f [xx.
1942 Rrz Yzp yp rppx. W~ rp[~ SpxN ~` ~ X Spxp n~ ~fpf Uy ppx. p{ll 1943 ~yuyxf [l X n~ {x 1945 c v~x x. yp n~ {{n Yzp[ ~l [x ryj lpfvx. A X Y{nl k R{ Y NY{fvx. ryfl {h oMxxp xl{ rcp ~fpf t~~ X {lx ~ ~fp vx{p YKYy{p {p{p r ~ѻxx. K ~x ~fp{z X ~v[v ~ l{l lyY x. A X[ Yzj l RaMx Rp.RK. rMyx.
Ry rj nxp xl Yzp pvp n A ~vp{v rrp{ ~ѻxx. {lx ~{zf Rvly{ lyj ~ܔ vx { zY ~v ~vc rY}x lyj ~ ~KKzpx ~ur oyx [ YzY yNx. lyjxpf Rj v X[ |} zY}jxY x. lyjxp[ {ynY f f Wx rp{ v n fY ~yp fY Rnyxp Yl v n Yzp l x { zY}jx.
n|rzp NYN Yzp xp N[{l Yl{p xl aly YYx. U~x ~p YvpYz{ lMY Yypp. [ny M, ~vc Yfxl{z X[ k p~p lyKx. {x~p { lyj lyxpf vx xp{p Rvv ~lY Yf [p ~ X{p ~v[ Yfxl Y n lyjxY v.
vzY ~ Rx{~YK [p X Y{ Upp{ YlyK n xl vz{lXx ~fp [pnp { lt vyj zn R{~mN xYx vp{ YK {p{p Yl Y Yzpx. ~oyjx {p{p Yl Y RlK ph{zf X Y~ Rx Y n pl. W cx, R[v, Yzx n|rzp rY} xp ~{Y vxK pY X ~lN vp{ Rx{~YK [pv rvj.
1972 cpyc {{~m{f vzY vp{ Rx{~YK rplY vzpv AYtno Y n Yzpx. o l ~ Yzp {yY pNx. l{l fY ryjx. 1947 {zz{ll, [z~~ R~px p [l 1952 rypx. x 1956 pNx. 1960 n pNx. 1965 ryjx. x 1968 Rly v{yjxp pNx. 1970 l pNx. 1970 Rvl oyxY n uy [llx. pvl 1974 Wx rY}r Yx. 1977 r{ v{yjxp ryjx.
1978 c Wrr{z [ ~fp vx { Yzp 1987 vx rv { ~ YynyxYf vj rppf ~ x. A vx rrxf ~u[ {p ~x rz~x ~p [~p zn Y [~ tKtxf X[ YYz rz~~ [xx. Tf rYy vf W[zplx tz [x Xf Wx ~{ {{n x xplyv Sp rh ppf ~ x. K ~xzz vn R~yj cpl{ {p{p X Sf Y ~{x prz Sf vf n {[tz [llx.
K {p f {~y [jp{Y cpl{ {p{p k p[ Yzpf U[M RtoxY f[p W[zplx |zYMvxY n ~ Yf t. Yl v p{lp z~ {n{yp Urn~ ppn Tf Yp pp Yzp [p [fv ~x Yfxl{z xjx. y[ lll{xp ~ Yzp 1989 rty{ 27 p R{~p ~v Nx.
Sl |no{pl tnoxY { Yzp RM n ~z{ ~v R[vYv Rnp ~v u}{Yv Yl Yyp, ~v YpYfv ~vp Rx{~YK x xl t{ lyxv |{~ Y Rnx S܃~ex. R[[j ܻNx. rcp n p [l R{Y n|rzpex.
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